What is Desogestrel?
Desogestrel also sold under the name Cerazette is a contraceptive pill used to prevent pregnancy. It is sometimes known simply as the pill or mini-pill. The main ingredient of this pill is the female sex hormone progestogen desogestrel. Hence it is also called as a progestogen-only-pill or POP and is especially suited for those women who have estrogen intolerance which is an active ingredient in combined contraceptive pills and for those who are breastfeeding. The main benefit of POP is to prevent unwanted pregnancy. But sometimes, your doctor may give you this medicine to treat some other condition.
Most POPs or mini pills function essentially by preventing the male sperms to reach the womb but they don’t always stop the female egg from fertilizing which is how the combined hormones contraceptive pills work. Desogestrel distinguishes itself from other mini pills in preventing the female egg cell from fertilizing making it a highly potent contraceptive.
Important Information about Desogestrel
Desogestrel shouldn’t be taken if you have certain pre-existing medical conditions like extreme liver problems jaundice, current thrombosis, unusual vaginal bleeding, blood disorder called acute porphyria, or a current thrombosis.
Prior to starting desogestrel pills, notify your doctor or pharmacist about your medical history, especially if you have had breast or liver cancer, coronary heart disease, deep vein thrombosis, blood clot in lungs known as pulmonary embolism, ectopic pregnancy in the past, previous epilepsy, previous jaundice, tuberculosis, or cholasma (yellowish brown patches on the skin, particularly on the face). Some desogestrel medication may contain lactose (milk sugar) so it may not suit you if you are lactose intolerant.
Desogestrel is not safe If you are planning a child. It is advisable to limit the usage of this pill when you are pregnant and must consult a doctor necessarily to ensure if it’s safe or not to take it. This pill is however safe to take while breast feeding but limit the usage. Again your doctor’s directions override every other details or advices.
An alternative birth control method may be required for the first seven days of starting this pill. Also tell every healthcare provider who is about to treat you that you are taking desogestrel pills.
Before taking Desogestrel
Desogestrel is a prescription only pill. Don’t start taking Desogestrel without consulting your doctor who is the right person to prescribe you after properly examining you and your past history. As mentioned above, you can’t take desogestrel or take it with some restrictions if you have a history of certain disorders or are currently suffering from them. Let your doctor know everything about your present medications including prescribed, OTC medicines or herbal products.
How do and how often I take Desogesterol?
Take desogestrel pills as advised by your doctor. Normal intake is one desogestrel pill via the oral route everyday at the same time. Swallow the whole pill with water. Remember to maintain the schedule of taking one pill at the same time as timing is everything. Certain medical condition as mentioned above may require an adjustment in the dosage as directed by your doctor. Again, dosage is based on your age, response to treatment and other factors like use of some interacting medications. Also read careful instructions or ask your doctor or pharmacist if you miss one or more doses.
What do I need to avoid if I am taking Desogestrel?
So far, there is nothing which you need to avoid while taking desogestrel. Consult your doctor for more details.
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose and it’s less than 12 hours past your normal pill time, take one immediately and continue with the normal schedule. You will be safe. However if it’s more than 12 hours late, you may not be completely protected against pregnancy. You can still take a pill but you may need a backup birth control method like condoms for the next seven days. The more tablets you missed, the higher the risk of pregnancy.
What if I Overdose?
There have been no reports of life threatening or serious medical conditions due to desogestrel overdose. Symptoms which might occur due to overdose are nausea, vomiting, light vaginal bleeding. Get medical help if necessary.
Desogestrel Side Effects
Some of the side effects of Desogestrel are irregular vaginal bleeding, infection in vagina, missed, irregular or painful menstrual periods, cysts in ovaries, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, uneasy feeling in breasts, depression, acne, appetite changes, unexpected weight increase, loss of interest in sex, unusual hair loss. If any of these conditions deteriorate or persist for a longer duration, seek immediate medical help.
Get urgent medical help if you experience extreme pain and swelling in either of your legs, indication of thrombosis, sudden chest pain, breathing difficulty and an unusual or bloody cough.
The above side effects are not the complete ones and you may get other reactions due to desogestrel. All side effects should be notified to your doctor if you feel it is serious or life threatening.
Interaction with other drugs
Your doctor might already be aware of your medical history and let him know if not. Don’t commence, stop or alter the course of any medications without the advice of your doctor. Desogestrel may react with the following drugs: anti-seizure medications like carbamazepine, phenytoin and primidone; antibiotics like rifampicin or rifabutin; anti-virals like ritonavir; anti-fungals like griseofulvin; Medical charcoal used for stomach upsets, or antidepressants like St John's Wort.
The above details are non exhaustive and there can be other interactions as well. Always consult your doctor and his/her directions and remember that they override on everything.
|US Brand Name||Cerazette|
|Manufacturer||NV Organon, Netherland|
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