About Multivitamin: Vitamins are the essential nutrients required by a human body to function properly and maintain health. To maintain health, our body needs 13 vitamins, namely A, C, D, E, K, and the eight B vitamins. Each vitamin, has a different function in the body.
Vitamins are the essential nutrients required by a human body to function properly and maintain health. To maintain health, our body needs 13 vitamins, namely A, C, D, E, K, and the eight B vitamins. Each vitamin, has a different function in the body.
• Vitamin A: It is good for healthy skin and eyesight. • Vitamin C: It helps to keep cells healthy. • Vitamin D: It helps regulate calcium in the body as well as essential for strong teeth and bones. • Vitamin E: It plays a major role in maintaining cell structure.
The human body cannot make these substances, so we need to take them from other sources such as food. If you have low levels of certain vitamins in your body, you may develop a deficiency disease.
• Scurvy: Vitamin C deficiency • Rickets: vitamin D deficiency • Pellagra: Vitamin B3 deficiency • Beriberi: Vitamin B1 deficiency • Biotin deficiency (Vitamin B7) • Ariboflavinosis: lack of Vitamin B2 • Vitamin K deficiency • Paresthesia: Vitamin B5 deficiency • Night blindness: Vitamin A deficiency • Hypocobalaminemia: Vitamin B12 deficiency
Signs and symptoms:
• Fatigue • Pale appearance due to anemia • Loss of height and excessive curvature of the spine • Excessive bruising • Plugging of hair follicles with coiled hairs • Unusual bleeding • Hemorrhage or redness around hair follicles • Redness on the side of the nose • Cracking at the outer angle of the eyes • Atrophic glossitis • Enlarges veins under the tongue with small hemorrhages • Pelling of the lip skin • Pain in the calf muscles after minimal exercise • Bowed legs • Poor night vision • Weakening of shoulder muscles • Trouble getting up from a little chair or climbing the stairs • Diarrhea • Conjunctival dryness • Burning feet syndrome • Loss of sensation in the lower limbs • Cerebellar ataxia • Loss of balance • Poor concentration • Heart failure • Depression
Some vitamin deficiency can be prevented by eating a healthy, balanced diet. Healthy eating may include a variety of food:
• Dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach and broccoli • Fruits and fresh juices • Tomatoes • Nuts • Sweet peppers • Strawberries • Milk • Eggs • Cheese • Grain products like bread, rice, cereal and pasta • Yogurt • Red and white meat
If you are concerned about getting enough vitamin from the food, ask from a certified physician whether a multivitamin may work for you. You can take a multivitamin supplement if your diet is restricted. There are numerous types of multivitamin tablets and multivitamin supplements available in the market. It is tough to choose the right one, so it is better to take the advice of your doctor before taking multivitamin. Your doctor will always choose the best multivitamin for you. Multivitamin helps in the following ways:
• Boost energy • Improves cardiovascular health • Supports healthy immune system • Top up nutrient missing in your diet
Myths and facts:
Myth: Some people believe that multivitamins are as good as they are new.
Fact: It is not true if you are still using the old bottle of multivitamin, throw them out immediately. The truth is that multivitamins lose 20% of their potency, over time, so check the expiry date if you want the most out of it.
Vitamin deficiency can be diagnosed by performing blood tests.
An additional test for B12 deficiency: If blood tests reveal vitamin deficiency, your physician may perform other tests to detect the cause and the type of deficiency. These tests may include:
• Schilling test: In this test, your doctor will ingest a small amount of radioactive vitamin B12. It is to check whether your body absorb vitamin B12 or not. • Antibodies test: This test will perform to check for antibodies in the blood. • Methylmalonic test: In this, our physician will perform a blood test to determine the presence of methylmalonic acid (a natural substance).
Important steps to improve health
Step up to the following health habits:
• Do 30 minutes of physical activity daily. You can do brisk walks, play tennis, basketball, soccer, hula hoops, or swimming. Do whatever you enjoy the most. • Strengthen your muscles by doing weight lifting, push ups, or heavy gardening two times a week. • Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, beans, low dairy products, nuts, seafood, and cereals.
Limit the consumption of the following foods and drinks:
• Desserts and sugar-sweetened drinks • Refined grains such a chip, crackers, and bread. • Foods made with butter or other fats.
Important things to know:
If a multivitamin supplement is taken along with a balanced diet and according to the package directions, it would not trigger a vitamin overdose. The problem occurs when you take a multivitamin supplement where the dose is very high. Many people take high amount of dietary supplements to treat a disease. They take supplements like drugs which can be harmful to their health. Multivitamin supplements should be used as a therapy only under the physician’s guidance as side effects, and several complications can occur.