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Aldactone 100 mg may be prescribed for a wide range of medical conditions including severe heart failure, raised blood pressure, accumulation of fluid in the tissues in the abdominal cavity, high blood pressure, certain kidney disorders, and accumulation of fluid in the tissues a result of heart disease. The active ingredient of the medicine is Spironolactone, which is categorized under the drug class aldosterone antagonists. Aldosterone is known to balance salts and fluids in the body. Spironolactone increases the amount of sodium excreted in the urine in those who found to have an accumulation of the fluid in the tissues or in the abdominal cavity. The drug acts by removing excess fluid and by lowering blood pressure. It works against the effects of aldosterone. It improves the effectiveness of other medicines used to lower blood pressure. It should be given to children only under the guidance of a doctor.
Do not take Aldactone 100 mg if you are pregnant or planning to conceive. Spironolactone may impact your thinking capability and reflexes. Take extra care while driving or other such activities that require a high level of mental awareness and alertness. Do not exert more or become dehydrated while exercising and while in hot weather. Certain drugs should be avoided in case doctor prescribes you Aldactone 100 mg to avoid possible drug interactions. These drugs include other blood pressure medicines, diuretics, medicines used to prevent blood clots, cholestyramine, ammonium chloride, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs), and anaesthetics etc.
Some common side effects of Spironolactone are reduced heart rate, dizziness, nausea, headache, or fatigue. However, if any of these side effects persist or deteriorate, seek medical attention right away.
Some serious side effects or allergic reactions due to Spironolactone are rashes, itching, swelling of face, tongue, or throat, or breathing trouble, symptoms of high potassium that can be fatal (slow or irregular heartbeat, muscle weakness), unusual fatigue, sudden or unexplained weight gain, increased thirst, change in the amount of urine, severe dizziness, muscle spasms, menstrual period changes, breast enlargement in men, sexual function problems, severe stomach or abdominal pain, dark urine, yellowing of eyes and skin, or persistent nausea or vomiting.
Take Aldactone 100 mg strictly as per your doctor’s advice. Avoid making any dosage adjustment unless your doctor advises you to do so. Also, do not take this medication after the prescribed period is over. Take it as soon as possible if it is not too late, but if it is less than 6 hrs left for your next dose then skip the dose and take your next dose at the correct time. Do not double up the dose to compensate for the missed one. Also, do not take potassium supplements or other diuretics while you are taking Spironolactone. Also avoid salt substitutes or low sodium milk products that contain potassium. These products can shoot up your potassium levels while taking this medicine.