Carvedilol belongs to the class of both non-selective beta-blockers and alpha-1 blockers. It is indicated for treating mild to severe CHF or congestive heart failure. This medication is used for the treatment of stable, chronic heart failure, and is usually given along with other medicines for complete treatment program. In some cases, Carvedilol can also be used to treat angina pectoria, hypertension or as a regular treatment for preventing angina attacks.
How Carvedilol works
To control blood pressure: This medication works by blocking beta-receptors in a patient’s heart, which reduces actions of non-adrenaline and adrenaline on the heart, thereby causing it to beat slowly with less force. This results in reduced pressure for pumping of blood, thus reducing the blood pressure. To manage angina: The drug slows down the force and rate of heartbeat, thereby reducing the amount of energy needed for pumping of blood. This decreases the amount of oxygen needed by the heart, thereby helping in the management of angina.
To treat heart failure: It blocks the alpha receptors present on the blood vessel walls, causing them to widen and reducing their resistance. This allows more blood to access the heart, thereby reducing the efforts needed by the heart.
How to take Carvedilol
The medication is available in the form of oral tablets and as extended release capsules. Take Carvedilol dosage exactly as your doctor has prescribed. Do not reduce or increase it without consulting with your doctor, as severe Carvedilol side effects or reactions may occur. This drug works best if taken with food. Try to take the medicine at almost the same time each day. If you are taking its capsule form, you can open it and sprinkle its contents into a spoonful of applesauce or pudding, and swallow it without chewing. Remember that Carvedilol is only a part of a complete treatment plan, which also includes changes in diet, weight control and exercise.