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Diabetes

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Diabetes occurs when your blood sugar is excessively high. High blood sugar can cause health complications over time. If you are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, this means your body is not properly using glucose from your food. There are different types of diabetes, including Type 1, Type 2, and gestational. They all share the common problem of having too much glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream.

Without careful management, diabetes can build up sugar in the blood, increasing the risk of life-threatening complications, including stroke and heart disease. Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to serious consequences, causing damage to a wide range of organs, including eyes, kidneys, heart, and nerves.

Treatments include medications and insulin shots. In some cases, the condition can be prevented by adopting a healthy lifestyle. There are different medications; managing the condition depends on the type and severity.

Type 1 is also called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus/juvenile diabetes. Type2 is also called insulin-independent diabetes mellitus. It’s the most common type of diabetes, accounting for 90-95% of all types of this disease. Type3 is called gestational diabetes and is found in pregnant women only.

Complication associated with diabetes

An untreated high blood glucose level can result in serious complications. These complications may include:

  • Kidney damage
  • Eye damage
  • Sexual difficulties (erectile dysfunction)
  • Nerve damage to the feet and other parts of the body
  • Heart disease, strokes, and circulation problems in the legs
  • Foot ulcers or infections resulting from circulation problems and nerve damage

Symptoms of diabetes:

The major symptoms of diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels and loss of glucose in the urine. The following symptoms are commonly seen in people with high blood glucose levels.

  • Frequent urination
  • Dehydration
  • Excessive thrust
  • Extreme hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of cuts and wound
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting etc

Many people have no symptoms and are not aware that they have diabetes.

Risk factors for diabetes

Diabetes, also known as sugar disease, happens when blood sugar levels rise above normal. Our body's improper functioning and hormones are often blamed for causing diabetes. Apart from the insulin problem leading to diabetes, a few other risk factors that contribute to having a high blood sugar level are:

  • Older age
  • Obesity
  • Family history
  • Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Physical inactivity etc
  • A history of gestational type diabetes is a risk factor for women.

Myths and Facts:

Myth: You must avoid sugar at all costs

Fact: The good news is that you can enjoy your favorite treats as long as you plan properly. Dessert doesn’t have to be off-limits, as long as it’s a part of a healthy meal plan or combined with exercise.

Myth: A high-protein diet is best

Fact: Studies have shown that eating too much protein, especially animal protein, may cause insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. A healthy diet includes protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Our bodies need all three to function properly.

Treatment options

When it comes to diabetes management, the following steps are taken:

  • The first weight reduction program is initiated, with diabetic diet and exercise
  • Then oral medications are prescribed to control the elevated blood glucose levels
  • If the blood glucose levels are not controlled with oral medications, then treatment with insulin is started

Type2 diabetes cannot be cured, but blood glucose levels could be maintained as normal as possible. If you have type2 diabetes, then there are several things you can do yourself to remain healthy, such as taking regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and losing weight if you are overweight or obese. Medicines such as Metformin, Sulphonylurea Urea, Glitazones, Gliptins, etc., are very useful. You may need insulin therapy if glucose-lowering tablets do not control your blood glucose levels. Insulin treatment can be taken instead of or alongside your tablets, depending on the dose and how you take it. Example: insulin injections, insulin pump therapy and insulin jet system. 

Common medicines for diabetes

The medicines for diabetes are aimed at controlling the blood sugar levels as it is the only way to prevent the complications of diabetes. Some common medicines that are available at our website Alldaychemist.com are:

  • Bigomet
  • Glyciphage SR
  • Diabetrol
  • Glypride
  • Glucobay
  • Januvia
  • Glycomet SR etc.

To buy these diabetes medicines online, you can place your order at alldaychemist.com and experience our hassle-free and trustworthy service.

Steps to improve life:

Eat healthily, exercise regularly, do not smoke, drink alcohol in moderation. Let others know about your condition, have regular eye tests, keep taking medicine, keep eating, drink liquids (like coconut water, homemade juice, etc.), be sure to drink extra fluids when you're sick.

Choosing carbohydrates that are packed with fiber (and don’t spike your blood sugar):

 

S.No

Instead of

Try these high fiber options

1

White rice

Brown rice or wild rice

2

White potatoes

Sweet potatoes, yams, winter squash

3

Regular pasta

Whole wheat pasta

4

White bread

Whole wheat or whole grain bread

5

Sugary breakfast cereal

High-fiber breakfast cereal (Raisin Bran, etc.)

 

It is necessary to have a diabetic diet and include a weight reduction program to control blood glucose levels in your daily life. If the doctor has prescribed you medications, it is important to consume those on time. Buy diabetes medicines online to get them delivered to your doorstep.

Which is the best medicine for diabetes?

Metformin is a tried and tested formulation used for decades in treating Type 2 diabetes and is prescribed by most health care professionals as a first-line treatment. Metformin is affordable and well-tolerated by most people. It is the best medicine for diabetes patients when used under the supervision of health care professionals. When this medicine is not effective enough in controlling blood sugar, your doctor adds other medicines to the diabetes management regimen.

Which tablet is best for type 2 diabetes?

Metformin is considered the first-line treatment for treating type 2 diabetes unless there is a specific reason to avoid its use. Metformin is safe, effective, and inexpensive. It is effective in reducing the risk of cardiovascular events. Metformin is also beneficial in reducing A1C results. 

How To Prevent Diabetes?

Changing your lifestyle could be a step forward in diabetes prevention. The following things can help you when you seek how to prevent diabetes?

 

  • Following a healthy eating plan
  • Lose weight and keep it off
  • Get regular exercise
  • Quit smoking 
  • Taking diabetes medicines on time (if required)

What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?

Common symptoms of diabetes include: 

  • Hunger and fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Itchy skin
  • Peeing more often
  • Being thirstier
  • Blurred vision

What are Risk Factors For Type 2 Diabetes?

Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:

  • Are overweight
  • Have a history of Type 2 diabetes
  • Are 45 years or older
  • Are physically active less than thrice a week
  • Have prediabetes
  • Have ever had gestational diabetes or given birth to a baby who weighed over nine pounds. 

If you have non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, you may also be at risk for type 2 diabetes. 

What is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 2 is most common, but what is Type 1 diabetes? If you have Type 1, your pancreas doesn’t make insulin or makes very little of this hormone. Without insulin blood, sugar can’t get into cells and builds up in the blood. Type 1 usually develops in children, teens, and young adults but can occur at any age. 

What can be the cause of Type 1 Diabetes?

The exact cause of Type 1 diabetes is still not known. But it is believed that the body’s immune system, which normally fights off bacteria and viruses, mistakenly attacks the pancreas' insulin-producing cells. Due to this, glucose doesn’t move into your cells because insulin is not performing its job. Instead, it gets accumulated in the blood, and your cells starve. This leads to high blood sugar.

What should I know about the side effects of diabetes medicines?

Different types of diabetes medicines have their side effects and ways to interact with other drugs. The most common side effect is low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). You may have gas, bloating, b12 deficiency, nausea, diarrhea, and an upset stomach. These undesired effects usually disappear in a few weeks as your body gets used to the medicine. It may also help to take medicine with food.

What are the different types of insulin?

There are different types of insulin, and these include:

  • Rapid-acting- The type of insulin covers insulin needs for meals eaten simultaneously as the injection. These are often used with long-acting insulin.  
  • Short-acting- These cover insulin needs for meals within half to one hour. 
  • Intermediate-acting- The type of insulin covers insulin needs for about half the day or overnight. This is often used with a rapid or short-acting type. 
  • Long-acting- These cover insulin needs for about one full day. This type is usually combined with rapid or short-acting insulin. 
  • Pre-mixed- These are generally twice or thrice a day before mealtime. 

Do I have other treatment options for my diabetes?

When medicinal therapy and lifestyle changes are not enough to manage diabetes, a less common treatment may be used. Other diabetes treatments include bariatric surgery for some people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes mellitus and artificial pancreas and pancreatic islet transplantation for those with Type 1 diabetes mellitus.  

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