Diabetes or diabetes mellitus (also called sugar diabetes) is a severe disease that is characterized by high blood pressure and sugar levels. Our blood always contains some amount of glucose, but only a specific level of glucose should be found in the blood, and high levels of glucose are not good for our health. Pancreas, a gland secretes insulin hormone to control blood glucose level.
It’s mainly of three types namely Type1, Type2 and Type3 diabetes. Type 1 is also called insulin–dependent diabetes mellitus/juvenile diabetes. Type2 is also called insulin independent diabetes mellitus. It’s the most common type of diabetes accounting for 90-95% of all types of this disease. Type3 is called gestational diabetes found in pregnant women only.
Causes of diabetes:
As we all know that diabetes is the common world is also called sugar disease or a disease when the blood sugar levels rise above normal.The improper functioning of our body and its hormones is often blamed for causing diabetes. Apart from the insulin problem leading to diabetes, a few other risk factors that contribute to having a high blood sugar levels are:
• Older age • Obesity • Family history • Impaired glucose tolerance • Physical inactivity etc.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
The major symptoms of diabetes are related to high blood sugar levels and loss of glucose in the urine. The following symptoms are commonly seen in a person with high blood glucose levels.
• Frequent urination • Dehydration • Excessive thrust • Extreme hunger • Unexplained weight loss • Extreme tiredness • Irritability • Blurred vision • Slow healing of cuts and wound • Nausea • Vomiting etc.
An untreated high blood glucose levels can result in serious complications. These complications may include:
• Kidney damage • Eye damage • Sexual difficulties ( erectile dysfunction) • Nerve damage to the feet and other parts of the body • Heart disease, strokes and circulation problems in the legs • Foot ulcers or infections resulting from circulation problems and nerve damage
To prevent diabetes, it is very necessary to understand the factors that can lead to diabetes. One of the first and the biggest steps that can be taken to keep diabetes at bay is changing the lifestyle. Making a few simple changes in lives can help you avoid any serious health complication associated with high blood sugar levels such as nerve, heart or kidney damage.
A few common tips that can help to prevent diabetes are:
1. Loose extra kilos 2. Eat healthy food 3. Consume more amount of fiber 4. Take good amount of exercise 5. Drink adequate amounts of water and liquids
The medicines for diabetes are aimed at controlling the blood sugar levels; as it is the only way to prevent the complications of diabetes. Some common medicines that are available at our website Alldaychemist.com are:
• Bigomet • Glyciphage SR • Diabetrol • Glypride • Glucobay • Januvia • Glycomet SR etc.
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Myths and facts:
Myth: You must avoid sugar at all costs
Fact: The good news is that you can enjoy your favorite treats as long as you plan properly. Dessert doesn’t have to be off limits, as long as it’s a part of a healthy meal plan or combined with exercise.
Myth: A high-protein diet is best
Fact: Studies have shown that eating too much protein, especially animal protein, may cause insulin resistance, a key factor in diabetes. A healthy diet includes protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Our bodies need all three to function properly. The key is a balanced diet.
The following test could be taken to diagnose the presence of the disease:
• Fasting plasma glucose test • Oral glucose tolerance test • Random plasma glucose test
To treat type 2 diabetes following steps are taken:
• First weight reduction program is initiated, with diabetic diet and exercise • Then oral medications are prescribed to control the elevated blood glucose levels. • If the blood glucose levels are not controlled with oral medications, then treatment with insulin is started.
Type2 diabetes cannot be cured, but blood glucose level could be maintained as normal as possible. If you have type2 diabetes then there are a number of things you can do yourself to remain healthy, such as taking regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and losing weight if you are overweight or obese.
Medicines such as Metformin, Sulphonylurea Urea, Glitazones, and Gliptins, etc. are very useful. You may need to have insulin therapy if glucose-lowering tablets are not effective in controlling your blood glucose levels. Insulin treatment can be taken instead of or alongside your tablets, depending on the dose and the way that you take it. Example: insulin injections, insulin pump therapy and insulin jet system.
Steps to improve life:
Eat healthily, exercise regularly, do not smoke, drink alcohol in moderation, daily amount is between 2-3 units. Let others know about your condition , have regular eye tests, keep taking medicine, keep eating, drink liquids, be sure to drink extra fluids when you're sick.
Choosing carbohydrates that are packed with fiber (and don’t spike your blood sugar):
Try these high-fiber options
Brown rice or wild rice
Sweet potatoes, yams, winter squash
Whole-wheat or whole-grain bread
Sugary breakfast cereal
High-fiber breakfast cereal (Raisin Bran, etc.)
Proper nutrition is a part of any diabetes care plan. There is no one specific "diabetic diet" that is recommended for all individuals.
Important things to know:
To control blood glucose levels, it is very necessary to have a diabetic diet and to include a weight reduction program in your daily life. If the doctor has prescribed you medications, then it is very necessary to consume those on time. You can buy diabetes medicines online from alldaychemist.com, a reliable name in the online marketing of various prescription and OTC products.