For millions of the people, the heartbreak of watching a loved one struggle with Alzheimer's disease is a pain they know all too well. Alzheimer disease is the most common type of dementia, and Alzheimer's disease accounts for 50 to 80 percent of dementia cases.
The term dementia refers to a set of symptoms, not the disease itself. These include loss of recent memory and poor judgment. Other than Alzheimer’s, other diseases that cause dementia are vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and frontotemporal dementia, etc.
Causes of Alzheimer’s disease:
Many theories are their proven to be the reason behind AD like ageing, genetic makeup environmental factors and lifestyle of a person. Severe head trauma or shock can also cause Alzheimer’s while women are more prone to develop this condition than men.
Signs and symptoms:
This disease affects different people differently. The most common pattern starts with the inability to register any new information. The following symptoms could be noticed easily: • Memory loss that disturbs day to day life • Challenges in scheduling or solving problems • Confusion of time or place • Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home or work • Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships • Problems with new words in speaking or writing • Decreased or poor judgment. • Withdrawal from work or social activities • Changes in mood, personality, and behavior • Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace them
Adverse effects of the problem:
This disease disrupts significant metabolic processes that keep neurons healthy. Because of these disruptions the nerve cells in the brain stops working, lose connections with other nerve cells, and finally die. The destruction and death of nerve cells result in the memory failure, personality changes, problems in carrying out daily activities, and other features of the disease. The brain of the persons has two types of structures: Amyloid Plaques and Neurofibrillary Tangles. These two are considered as the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease.
Progress of the disease:
Alzheimer’s progress covering three main stages: Mild AD:
In this stage, a person looks healthy but is having more and more trouble in grasping the idea of the world around him or her. The realization that something is wrong often comes to the person and gradually to his or her family. There is a no. Of plaques and tangles start growing as the brain loses the cells and following symptoms could be seen: • Loss of memory • Confusion about the location of familiar places or getting lost begins to occur • Takes Longer than normal time to complete household tasks • Trouble handling money and bills • Poor judgment leading to bad decisions • Mood and personality changes, increased anxiety and aggression • Difficulty in grasping complex ideas
This stage may last from 2-10 years. During this stage, the AD starts spreading over cerebral cortex and the areas start getting shrink due to which the brains ability to take decisions, reasoning, language and processing become slower. The symptoms get worsened, and they require much more attention than before. The symptoms include: • Get easily lost, even in places well known to them • Argue more than usual • Need assistance or supervision with tasks such as dressing or washing • Become more confused about recent happenings • Believe things are real when they are not • Experience restlessness and agitation • Have difficulty in sleeping
It is the last stage of the disease, the plaques and tangles have become widespread throughout the brain and people are not able to recognize the family and the loved ones or communicate with them in any way. Symptoms are clear enough to indicate that they require constant 24/7 help. The symptoms include: • Use or understand words • Recognize family members • Could not take care of them • Not able to move around independently
Alzheimer’s is not a preventable condition, but a few dietary changes can improve the brain cell functioning and reduce the chances of getting Alzheimer’s. Here are the few dietary changes that you can opt for:
Folic acid for learning and thinking ability of the brain
Black grapes for protection of brain cells
Nuts like Walnuts, hazelnuts and pecans helps in protecting the brain cells and improves motor coordination
Turmeric, a healthy spice, exerts great benefits as it doesn’t allow the formation of plaque in the brain of Alzheimer’s disease
Common Alzheimer's medicines:
The common drug of the category are: • Rivamer • Donep • Donamem • Admenta • Galamer etc.
Myths and facts:
Myth: Alzheimer's disease cannot be prevented Fact: Alzheimer’s disease could be due to genetic bent or hypertension. However, there are certain ways in that we can prevent this disease, such as lifestyle changes, proper diet, mental and physical exercise, positive thinking, and leading a stress-free life.
Myth: An x-ray of the brain can diagnose Alzheimer's disease. Fact: No, an x-ray cannot diagnose the presence of Alzheimer’s disease, and it requires mental tests, physical examination, MRI and CT scan to rule out the condition.
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease:
A perfect diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease can be made only through autopsy after death, by connecting clinical measures with a test of brain tissue. However, doctors have several other methods and tools to help them determine fairly whether a person who is facing memory troubles has “possible Alzheimer’s disease”. For this he may: Inquire about overall health and past medical troubles Conduct memory tests like problem-solving, attention, counting and language Carry out tests, such as blood and urine tests to identify other possible causes of the problem Perform computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to distinguish Alzheimer’s from other possible causes for symptoms
Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease:
Alzheimer’s is a complex disease that focuses on various aspects so; the treatment are designed in such a way to help the patients control their behavioral and mental problems as well as manage them. The commonly used drugs are:
Stage of Alzheimers it is used for
Mild ,moderate, severe
They all work by regulating the neurotransmitters and help maintain the memory and behavioral problems
Mild to moderate
Mild to moderate
These drugs have their advantage each. Which drug is to be taken is decided by the doctor. They may provide a variety of benefits including \Improved memory and thinking
• Behavioral stability • Improved and better hold on everyday chores
You can also buy these alzheimers products Online through various online pharmacies. To buy the Alzheimer’s medicines online, you have several options from where you can choose the best products.
Steps to improve the health:
To take care of patients with such sensitive case of health requires emotional and physical strength both Try to maintain happiness around the patient One should be aware of the symptoms of disease and should know the way to use internet or books for information Tell your other family members to help you to take care of the patient Ask the doctor for the precautions to be taken try to remain and maintain your calm as the task may be a tiring one and may also take a troll of your patience.
Important thing to know:
While taking care of the patient with Alzheimer’s the Caregivers themselves often need help from others too. The caregivers may be family members themselves or the paid one. Whomsoever, there is always a huge responsibility. Family and friends are an important source of support. Caring for a family member or friend can be emotionally draining and wearing, and various symptoms can be seen as denial, anger, depression, anxiety, exhaustion, sleeplessness and various other health problems. Hence, it’s required to provide proper help to the caregivers over an extended period.