Everyone has gastric problems from time to time, like an upset stomach, gas, heartburn, constipation, or diarrhoea. Various reasons can contribute to these stomach problems, like indigestion or an empty stomach. Many digestive problems may be uncomfortable or embarrassing, but they are not serious and don’t last long. Others can be controlled with simple changes in your diet. But sometimes, even common stomach gas problems can be signs of a more serious problem.
Gastro disorders majorly cause abdominal pain, commonly known as stomachache. Antacids and other such medicines for digestive problems are used. Stomach problems such as gastritis can be treated with gastro medicine used to reduce heartburn. In addition, eliminating irritating foods from your diet increases the effect of stomach gas medicine. Knowing when you should talk to your doctor can help you take care of your digestive health. Your doctor will suggest the best medicine for gastric problems. Let’s learn more about gastrointestinal problems and how to control them.
Types of gastric health problems and their causes:
Stomach disorders are very common and induce a significant rate of disease instances and suffering in the population.
The stomach has a slight balance between acid and the mucus-protected wall lining. When this mucous lining is disrupted for whatever reason, signs and symptoms of acidity may result in upper abdominal pain, indigestion, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting and heartburn. When the condition is allowed to progress, the pain may become continuous; blood may start to leak and be seen in the stools. When the acidity is uncontrolled, it can cause severe anemia or lead to stomach perforation. In many individuals, the progressive bleeding from an ulcer mixes with the faeces and presents as black stools.
Constipation is medically defined as less than three stools /per week, and severe constipation is less than one stool /per week. Constipation usually is caused by the slow movement of stool through the colon. There are many causes of constipation, including medicines, poor bowel habits, low-fibre diets and hormonal disorders.
A peptic ulcer is a defect in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, an area called the duodenum. The most common cause of such damage is a stomach infection by Helicobacter pylori bacteria. People who drink too much, smoke cigarettes, chew tobacco, or use certain medicines like ibuprofen and aspirin are prone to stomach inflammation.
Lactose intolerance is a common digestive disorder. It means your body can’t digest lactose sugar found in milk products. After eating foods with lactose, one may have nausea, bloating, gas, or diarrhoea. Lactose intolerance is not a serious problem, but it can be uncomfortable. You can easily control it by changing your diet. You may not have to give up milk products entirely.
Some people with lactose intolerance can eat yoghurt or cheeses, like cheddar and Swiss, without any problem. Lactose-reduced milk is widely available. Taking supplements that contain lactase—the enzyme that breaks down lactose in the intestines—can help you digest dairy foods. You can find lactase supplements at most grocery and drug stores.
IBS is not a disease but a syndrome, meaning groups of symptoms. People with IBS most often have the following:
– Abdominal Pain
– Diarrhoea-Frequent Loose, Watery Stools.
IBS does not damage the intestines. Instead, it affects how the digestive tract functions, which is called a “functional disorder.” Normally, women are more sensitive to irritants in the digestive tract than men. This may help explain why IBS is more common in women. You can often control mild symptoms by changing your diet and lifestyle. Fibre supplements or over-the-counter medicines to control diarrhoea may help.
Common digestive symptoms:
Common digestive complaints such as nausea, vomiting, bloating, gas, heartburn, diarrhoea, and constipation can be temporary. They can be caused by certain types of food or food contaminated with harmful bacteria. Flu, menstruation and pregnancy may also be the reason behind the upset stomach. But sometimes, these symptoms are signs of a more serious digestive disease or other health problems such as colon or ovarian cancer. So one must always refer to the doctor in case he observes:
Several health issues are related to our gut. If our gut is suffering, so does our body. Untreated stomach issues can lead to weakness, health decline and discomfort. Although most of the problems are treatable with OTC medicines, in some cases, you need to have expert advice.
To prevent unnecessary stomach issues, you need to bring some lifestyle changes such as:
Myths and facts:
Some common myths are:
The common medicines for gas problems and other digestion issues include:
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To diagnose the presence of a stomach problem or a gastrointestinal issue, the doctor may prescribe a few tests:
The treatment option varies according to the type of gastro-health problem the person suffers. The medicines will also be decided once the diagnosis confirms the type of stomach ailment you are suffering.
Here are the common gastro health problems and the common treatment techniques used:
– Medicines for gastric problems
– Emollient laxatives (stool softeners)
– Saline laxatives
– Proton pump inhibitors such as Omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), or Esomeprazole (Nexium)
– Bismuth (the main ingredient in Pepto-Bismol) may be added to help kill the bacteria.
– Avoiding lactose-containing products
Steps to improve health:
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Some gastrointestinal symptoms can be relatively mild, short-lived, and easily treated with over-the-counter medicines. For example, indigestion and acid reflux can be treated with antacids or drugs such as ranitidine and omeprazole. Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome can be treated with mebeverine or hyoscine. You must ask your doctor for advice on which medicines best suit you.
Unfortunately, there are many different gastrointestinal problems, so it is easy to neglect them mistakenly. Some gastrointestinal problems are mild and usually resolve on their own, but some conditions are serious enough that you need to seek medical help to treat them.
There is no real cure for gastroenteritis. In this condition, it is important to prevent dehydration. As symptoms begin to ease, start with foods that are easy to digest, such as toast, rice, bananas, and chicken. Avoid caffeine, dairy and alcohol until recovery is complete. Seek immediate medical attention if the condition becomes severe.
Depending on the cause, the symptoms of gastroenteritis may develop within 1 to 3 days after you are infected and can range from mild to severe. In general, symptoms last just a day for two, but occasionally they may last up to two weeks. Call your doctor if the symptoms are not improving or worsening after two days or if you notice blood in your stools.
Acute gastroenteritis cause diarrhea or vomiting (or both) for more than a week and may be accompanied by fever, anorexia, and abdominal pain. The gastrointestinal condition accounts for millions of deaths yearly in young children, mostly in developing countries. Prevention is the key to controlling this gastrointestinal disorder. Consult your doctor about the ways to prevent gastroenteritis.
Gatsroeneteritis is the inflammation of the intestines and stomach. It causes diarrhoea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal pain. It may cause mild fever, chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness in some individuals. These symptoms usually last about two five days and then start to resolve.
Viral gastroenteritis is highly infectious and spreads by the vomit or faeces of an infected person via person-to-person contact. Avoid shaking hands with someone sick as they may have the virus on their hands, contaminated objects, contaminated food or drink.
Gastroenteritis is a viral infection that attacks the digestive system and is commonly called a stomach virus. Food poisoning, however, is strictly based on what you eat. It may happen due to parasites, bacteria, or viruses. But just like viral gastroenteritis, you may experience the same symptoms of diarrhoea, vomiting, cramping, abdominal pain, and fever.