Anthelmintic & Anti-worm
Helminths are worm-like parasites. They are one of the main types of intestinal parasites. Common symptoms of intestinal worms are nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fatigue, gas, and unexplained weight loss. An individual having a worm infection may also experience dysentery (when an intestinal infection causes diarrhoea with blood and mucus in the stools). The parasitic worm infection may also cause a rash or itch around the rectum or vulva. Sometimes, patients may pass a worm in their stool during a bowel movement. Some people may have worm infections for years without experiencing any symptoms. Doctors prescribe Antihelmintic drugs to treat certain worm infections considering a patient's health condition. Take Antihelmintic Medicine exactly as suggested by your doctor to get the best from the Medicine.
What are the causes of Infection?
One of the most common causes to get infected with a worm is eating undercooked meat from an infected animal such as a fish, pig, or cow. Other possible causes include consuming contaminated water, poor sanitation, contact with contaminated faeces, or poor hygiene. If you have the symptoms of worm infection, you should make an appointment with a doctor. Your doctor may carry several tests to detect the worm infection and prescribe treatment accordingly.
What are Antihelminthic & Antiworm Drugs?
Antihelminthics & anti-worms work against worms scientifically called helminths. In humans, the worms stay within the intestine or have complex life cycles that include movement through the body. The infective form may be either an immature one or an adult form. The life cycle is dependent on neuromuscular coordination and energy production. Most anti-worm medicines target one of these areas. These drugs are prescribed according to the type of worm infection an individual suffers. The helminths are divided into three classes, namely cestodes, nematodes, and trematodes. Here is a look at worms along with their scientific category names and the drug of choice for each worm infection:
Before getting to know more about the medications, here is a quick review of the worms:
Mebendazole is the most widely used Medicine for worms because it is used to treat threadworm infections (infections of the gut) that are the most common worm infections.
A special group of Nematodes called Filaria can be considered separately. Patients suffering from Filariasis are treated using other drugs, namely Albendazole, diethylcarbamazine, or Ivermectin.
The timely administration of worm medicine for humans play a significant role in treating the condition.
How do Medicines work against Worms?
Most medicines developed to treat worm infection kill worms by either starving them or paralysing them. Mebendazole and Albendazole prevent worms from using sugar (glucose) they need to survive. Without glucose, worms lose their energy supply and quickly die.
Praziquantel and Ivermectin act by paralysing the worms in the intestine. This allows them to be easily forced out of the position and removed from the gut in the stools.
What is the duration of Treatment?
In general, the treatment duration is quite short; only a few days and a patient will be symptoms free. Treatment usually depends on what type of worm infection you have, and medicines will be given accordingly. For example, Mebendazole is usually given as a single one-off dose for treating threadworm infection. The dose may be repeated 14 days later. For whipworm or roundworm, Mebendazole is prescribed twice daily for three days.
What are the Side Effects?
Mentioning all the side effects of all anti-worm medicines in a single leaflet may not be possible, so talk to a doctor to get more information specific to your anti-worm drug. In general, medicines from infections are safe and well-tolerated; they rarely cause serious side effects. The side effects most reported with anti-worm drugs are upset stomach, wind, diarrhoea, and nausea. Medication for worms in humans should be the prescription one to avoid unwanted side effects.
Who cannot use Medicines for Worms?
A few people cannot take medication for worms in humans. Medicine can cause side effects; this is the one reason you cannot take one. It is important to discuss with your doctor before taking any medicine. Mebendazole is approved for use in adults and children over the age of two years. However, anti-worm Medicine must be given to children from six months if required. The use of Mebendazole is prohibited in pregnant and breastfeeding women. If pregnancy treatment is considered important, it is better to give it in the second or third trimester. For more information, consider the doctor’s advice.
You can buy Mebendazole to treat threadworm infection from an online trusted source for adults and children over two years. If you want to treat any other kind of worm infection, discuss it with your doctor before buying a medicine.
General Tips to Improve Health:
If you visit developing countries, cook food with boiled or purified water before eating, and avoid contact with soil and faeces.