Anti-cancer drugs are medicines formulated to treat a wide range of cancer. Cancer is defined as the uncontrolled growth of cells that interfere with the growth of healthy cells. These drugs are effective in the treatment of malignant or cancerous diseases. The usual cancer treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, or a combination of these methods. Anti-cancer medications are targeted to control and treat various kinds of cancer, including cervical cancer, small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, ovarian cancer, head and neck cancer of testes, osteosarcoma, lymphoblastic leukaemia, myeloblastic leukaemia etc. As mentioned above, cancer is a condition where cells of the body divide uncontrollably and evade the normal cell cycle, due to which progression of large tumours occur.
Common symptoms of cancer
Symptoms usually depend on the type of cancer and the part of the affected body. Some common symptoms of cancer include:
• Abnormal bladder changes
• Bowel changes
• breast changes
• swelling or unusual lumps
• Discomfort after eating (heartburn or indigestion that doesn’t go away
• Skin changes
• chronic headache
• stomach pain
• persistent body pain
• fever or night sweats
• Cough or hoarseness that doesn’t disappear
• Sudden weight gain or weight loss
Diagnosis of cancer?
If you have unusual symptoms or have undergone a screening test result suggesting cancer, your health specialist must determine whether it is due to cancer or some other cause. The doctor may begin by asking about your personal and medical history and performing a physical exam, including scans, lab tests, and other tests. Your doctor may also order a biopsy, which is often a sure way to confirm if you have cancer. Depending on the symptoms you have, you have other tests as well.
Treatment of cancer
Cancer is a life-threatening condition that increases with changing lifestyle, nutrition, and global warming. Cancer treatment does not involve potent medicine as the currently available drugs are causing side effects in some instances. If the cancer is diagnosed and treated earlier, there will be more chances of getting cured. Some types of cancer, such as those of the breast, skin, mouth, prostate, rectum and testicles, may be detected by a regular self-exam or other screening measures before the symptoms become serious. Most cancer cases are detected and diagnosed after a tumour can be felt or when other symptoms develop. There are many types of cancer treatment, and the type of treatment usually depends on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some cancer patients have only been prescribed one treatment. But most cancer cases are treated with a combination of treatments such as surgery with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Your doctor may also recommend immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy. When you search for cancer treatment, you have a lot to find and think about. But talking with your health care provider and learning about the treatment options can help you decide what you feel good about.
Once your doctor has given you a diagnosis, they will decide on a treatment plan based on your condition. Cancer treatment may include:
• Chemotherapy - The most common cancer treatment is chemotherapy, including powerful drugs to destroy cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be given intravenous or in pill form.
• Radiation therapy - The treatments diminish cancer cell growth with high radiation dosages. In some cases, radiation may be given simultaneously as chemotherapy.
• Surgery - In some cases, can specialists recommend surgical removal of the tumour.
• Hormone therapy - Sometimes, hormones can block the activity of other cancer-causing hormones. For example, men with prostate cancer might prescribe hormones to keep testosterone (a hormone responsible for causing prostate cancer) at bay.
• Biological response modifier therapy - This cancer treatment stimulates your immune system and helps it function properly. It does this by changing the body’s natural function.
• Immunotherapy - Immunotherapy treats cancer by using the body’s immune system. The therapy targets cancer cells while leaving healthy cells intact.
• Bone marrow transplant - This is also called stem cell transplantation. The treatment replaces the damaged stem cells with the healthy ones. Before transplantation, you will receive chemotherapy to prepare your body for the process.
Oral anti-cancer drugs
The common anti-cancer medicines that you can buy online from various reputed pharmacies are:
• Tamoxifen- Tamoxifen is the most prescribed medicine for women with hormone-positive, early-stage breast cancer after surgery to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence. Tamoxifen also effectively reduces breast cancer risk in women who haven’t been diagnosed but are more likely to develop the disease. Tamoxifen will not work for women with hormone negative breast cancer. You should not take tamoxifen if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to get pregnant, or if there is a possibility that you could get pregnant. Anti-cancer medicine can cause damage to developing embryos. Patients should use an effective non-hormonal type of birth control such as a diaphragm along with spermicide, condoms, or a non-hormonal IUD.
• Erlotinib - Erlotinib effectively treats non-small cell lung cancer or pancreatic cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. It is usually given after other treatments have failed. Follow all directions given on your prescription. Inform your doctor about your medical conditions, allergies, and all medicines you use. You should not take Erlotinib if you are pregnant, as it could harm the unborn baby. It is recommended to use an effective contraceptive measure while receiving this anti-cancer drug and at least one month after your last dose. Also, women should not breastfeed while receiving this anti-cancer treatment and at least two weeks after their last dose.
• Imatinib- Imatinib is a prescription treatment for certain types of cancer. These include acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, chronic myeloid leukaemia, and myelodysplastic diseases. The anti-cancer drug slows down or stops the growth of cancer cells. The dosage is based on a patient’s medical condition, response to treatment, and other medications you may be using. Be sure to inform your doctor about all the medicines you use.
• Sorafenib-Sorafenib is a prescription treatment for patients with liver and thyroid cancer. Doctors may also prescribe this anti-cancer agent when standard therapy cannot cure the disease.
There are dozens of oral medications that doctors can prescribe. They are often divided into groups based on how they work. Each category of drugs shrinks cancer cells differently. It is important to discuss the best medicine that works effectively for your cancer type with your doctor.
You can buy anti-cancer drugs online through Alldaychemist. The drugs used for cancer treatment kill the infected cell, but they can also cause an imbalance in the body. Some common side effects of anti-cancer drugs are depression, hair loss, fatigue, and vomiting.
Cancer prevention tips
You have probably heard conflicting research reports on cancer prevention. Often what’s known about cancer prevention is still not completely understood. However, it is widely accepted that your chances of developing cancer cells are affected by lifestyle choices. So, to prevent cancer, understand that simple lifestyle modifications can make a difference. Check out the cancer prevention tips given below:
• Eat a healthy diet
• Do not smoke
• Don’t use tobacco
• Protect yourself from the sun
• Be physically active and maintain a healthy weight
• Practice safe sex
• Don’t share needles
• Get vaccinated for hepatitis that increases the risk of developing cancer
• Get regular medical care.
Cancer treatment should immediately be begun after diagnosis, but it won’t hurt to wait a few weeks to start therapy for most cancers. This way, the cancer patient gets the time to discuss all possible treatment options with cancer specialists and then decide what’s best for them.
Components in certain herbs, supplements and allopathy medicines may disrupt how your body processes chemotherapy medicines, making them less effective as anti-cancer agents or sometimes more toxic to your body than intended
Treatment usually depends upon the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Some people need monotherapy, while others may need a combination of treatments, such as surgical removal with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. It is always best to discuss what treatment can help you feel well with a doctor.
Anti-cancer agents usually control the cancer cells from growing, dividing and making multiple copies. Because malignant cells usually grow and divide faster than the normal cells in the body. Chemotherapy has more of an effect on malignant cells. However, drugs used for chemotherapy are strong and can still damage the healthy cells
Chemotherapy treats many types of cancer. In some people, chemotherapy alone is used to treat their cancer. But most often, cancer patients will receive chemotherapy and other cancer treatments. The type of cancer usually depends on the type of cancer you have or have other health complications.
There are several types of chemotherapy drugs that can specialists use to target different types of cancer. Alkylating agents such as cisplatin, carboplatin, etc., treat many types of cancer, but they are most effective against slow-growing tumorous. Different drugs are used to treat different kinds of cancer, so make sure you consult your doctor before deciding on a treatment.
Many anti-cancer drugs, including antimetabolites, alkylating agents, and plant alkaloids. Cancer specialists use anti-cancer agents either on their own or with other therapies. The best type depends on several factors, including cancer progression and the individual’s overall health.
So far, the Food and Drug Administration(FDA) has approved three vaccines to treat cancer in the US. These are:
Chemotherapy works to stop the growth of cancer cells or lessen the chance of recurrence. The therapy also works to shrink tumors, causing pain and other problems.
Immunotherapy is a cancer treatment that helps a cancer patient’s immune system fight cancer. The immune system supports your body in fighting infections and other diseases. The type of therapy enhances or changes how your immune system works so it can develop the ability to fight cancer and other infectious diseases.
Yes, chemotherapy can cause side effects. Its side effects depend on the type of drug involved in chemo, but the common ones include easy bruising, bleeding, and hair loss.
The main reasons are genetics and certain environmental or behavioural triggers. Some types of cancer are believed to be inherited means the genes you might born with might carry a predisposition for cancer. Cancer is a condition that can take decades to develop. That’s why most people diagnosed with the condition are 65 years older or above. While it's more commonly affects older adults, cancer isn’t an adult disease; it can be diagnosed at any age.
Cancer transfer during organ transplant - Rarely, cancer cells from an organ donor have caused cancer to grow in the person who receives the organ. This does not often happen because the immune system searches for foreign cells that are not our own and destroys them. So their body does not attack and destroy the transplanted organ. Still, some studies have shown that cancer is more likely to develop in people who get an organ transplant. This is because medicines are given to reduce the risk of organ rejection, rather than cancer spreading from the donated organ. These medicines tend to weaken the immune system; they can prevent the body from targeting damaged cells and viruses that contribute to cancer.
Cancer transfer during pregnancy - Even if a pregnant woman has cancer, the condition rarely affects the baby. Some cancer can spread from the mother to the placenta, but most cancers cannot directly affect the baby.
Close contact or things like sex, touching, kissing, sharing the same meals or breathing the same air cannot spread cancer. According to experts, cancer cells from someone with cancer cannot survive in the body of another healthy individual. Although cancer is not a contagious disease, some germs could be responsible for cancer development. This may be the reason some people have the wrong conception that cancer is catching. Infections associated with cancer include bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Moreover, have a look at the following chemotherapy measures:
Whether a person’s cancer can be cured usually depends on the type and stage of cancer, the type of treatment they receive and other related factors. Some types of cancer are more likely to be cured than others. But each type needs a different treatment. There is no one cure for all kinds of cancer.
Cancer may cause signs and symptoms like fever, extreme tiredness, or weight loss. The symptoms usually depend on the location and size of the cancer and how much it affects nearby organs or tissues. Not every individual with cancer has symptoms. If cancer has spread, symptoms may appear in different body parts. But spotting the difference early can largely help save a life, so let your doctor know if you notice anything that is not normal to you.
Everyone with an average risk should begin testing at age 45, so speak to your health care specialist if you haven’t started yet. A range of testing options is available. Talk to your health care specialist about which test is best for you and how often you need to test.