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Anti Coagulants

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Anticoagulants are medicines that reduce blood clotting in an artery, vein or the heart. Clots can block the blood flow to your heart muscles and cause a heart attack. They can also block blood flow to your brain, causing a stroke. They can keep harmful clots from forming in your heart, veins or arteries. Blood clots are made up of red blood cells, platelets, fibrin, and white blood cells. Anticoagulants prevent these components from sticking together and forming a clot. 

Anticoagulant drugs fall into three groups:

• Inhibitors of clotting factor synthesis: Warfarin
• Inhibitors of Thrombin: Argatroban, Bivalirudin and Lepirudin, Refludan
• Antiplatelet drugs:

1. Aspirin
2. Clopidogrel
3. Ticlopidine
4. Tirofiban

Causes of Blood clot:

Blood clots form whenever the flowing blood comes in contact with a factor called thrombogenic factor. Blood clots can also form when your blood doesn’t flow properly. There are many medical conditions that can produce small or large clots of blood. These conditions may be serious, and the clots may also travel to other parts of the body. The following condition may cause a blood clot:

1. Heart attack 
2. Heart failure 
3. Obesity 
4. Pregnancy
5. Prolonged sitting or bed rest
6. Smoking
7. Surgery
8. Pulmonary embolism 
9. Family history of blood clots/inherited blood clotting disorders
10. Deep vein thrombosis 
11. Factor V Leiden 
12. Peripheral artery disease 
13. Antiphospholipid syndrome 
14. Heart arrhythmias 
15. Polycythemia vera etc.

Signs and Symptoms:

Signs and symptoms of a blood clot may depend upon their location in the body. Blood flows in veins and arteries.

Blood clotting signs in veins: 

When blood clots in veins then the blood is not able to return to the heart. It produces a ‘damming effect’. Such clots are often found in the legs and arms, the symptoms include:

• Swelling 
• Warmth
• Redness
• Pain etc.

Blood clot signs in arteries:

Such clots do not allow the flow of blood to the affected area. As the body tissue is deprived of any oxygen and blood, the tissue begins to die, and it becomes ischemic. Some of the symptoms of blood clot in arteries are:

• Pain
• Symptoms were depending on the site of clots like a heart attack or stroke, loss of sensation, paralysis, bloody diarrhoea, etc.

Adverse effects of the problem:

The severe effects of the blood clotting can result in the risk of life also. The patient with blood clot may face:

• Acute heart attack
• Angina pain
• Mini stroke or transient ischemic attack

Preventive measures:

There are certain things that you can do to prevent a blood clot:

• Maintain a healthy weight
• Stop smoking if you smoke
• Avoid sitting in an intact position for a long time, get up and take a break for stretching your legs and arms
• Remain active, indulge in some sports or activity to keep your body active
• Stay hydrated as properly hydrated body can prevent blood clots
• Be smart and check your drugs before taking them that whether they contain blood coagulating properties or not
• Remain vigilant about the signs and symptoms of blood clotting
• Know your family history, if any of your family members have any blood clotting disorder

Common Anti-blood clot medicines:

The common anticoagulants that are available for the preventing blood clots are: 

• Warf
• Plavix
• Deplatt

These anticoagulants are available online, you can buy the anticoagulation medicines online at very reasonable prices.

Myths and facts:

Myth: if you are young and healthy, then you don’t need to worry about clots.

Fact: no its is not true, although there are very fewer chances of getting a blood clot in young age, but it can’t be ruled out that blood clot problems can occur in young age also.

Myth: Men can get blood clots after a sexual intercourse

Fact: blood clots have nothing to do with sexual intercourse, but in those who do not maintain genital hygiene are prone to get prostate infection and clots due to the same.

Diagnosis of Blood clot:

If you are diagnosed with a clot, your doctor may refer you to a haematologist.

The blood clots symptoms help a lot in the diagnosis of clots in the body. However, a thorough medical history test is needed. The doctor takes a physical examination to rule out the possibilities of the blood clot. The general tests done to check the presence of blood clots are:

• Ultrasound:

• Venography
• CT scan
• Blood test
• ECG test

Treatment for Blood Clot:

When blood clots, it turns from a liquid into a solid. Although Anticoagulants are often called blood thinners, they increase the time it takes a blood clot to form. Blood clotting keeps the body from losing too much blood from wounds. 

A. Aspirin

Usually doses of 1 tablet each day can prevent or delay heart attacks and small strokes. Talk to your doctor about the best dose for you. If he has told you to take aspirin to help prevent a heart attack, you need to know that taking ibuprofen at the same time for pain relief, for example may interferes with the benefits of aspirin for the heart. It may be all right to take both of these medicines, but one should consult your doctor before taking both of the drugs together.

B. Clopidogrel and ticlopidine 

May also be used to prevent or delay heart attacks and small strokes. Clopidogrel is an oral antiplatelet agent used to inhibit blood clots in coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease. Clopidogrel is active only after intravenous or oral administration.

C. Warfarin

Is used to treat and prevent blood clots. People with some kinds of artificial heart valves are required to take warfarin. Warfarin is also prescribed to people with atrial fibrillation to prevent stroke.Warfarin is an anticoagulant normally used in the prevention of thrombosis and thromboembolism, the formation of blood clots in the blood vessels and their migration elsewhere in the body respectively.

D. Heparin, Fonda Arin UX, and LMWH

They are used in hospitals or clinics because they work right away. These drugs are used for heart attacks, as the initial management for blood clots and after certain types of surgery.

Sometimes these medicines possibly will be continued after your hospital stay, and you will be taught how to give yourself the shots or have someone at home to give them to you. You may need to take regular blood tests while you are taking this medicine.

Buy these anticoagulation medicines online from various online pharmacies easily and at very reasonable prices.

Steps to improve the health:

• Remain active to ease the dangers of blood clot
• Keep a record of medicines you a taking and do not forget to mention the drug and condition of your blood clot problem before heading towards a treatment or surgery

Important thing to know:

Blood clots are one of the most preventable types of blood conditions. By opting for controlling of your risk factor and taking proper preventions you can avert the formation of blood clot.

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