Birth control, also known as contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Deciding when to start using birth control and choosing a method that will work for you is an important decision. Birth control methods may work in a number of different ways. Planning, provision and use of birth control is called family planning. Birth control methods have been used since ancient times, but effective and safe methods of birth control became available in the 20th century only.
What is the need of birth control or contraception?
To have sex or not is a personal decision that entirely depends upon the choice of an individual. Sex is healthy and enjoyable while it is also associated with many risks. Protection needs to be used whenever you are sexually active to prevent pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sex is a very toughest decision in the life of teens, because if they decide to have sex then they must also be ready to take the responsibility of taking the adverse effects.
The contraception not only prevents the unwanted pregnancy but it also protects from the severe STDs.
What should you know about contraception?
You should be aware of the following:
The birth control methods work by:
Birth control pills
Methods of birth control:
There are many methods of birth control that a woman can use. A talk with the doctor will help you to decide that which method of contraception is best for you:
1. Hormonal methods of contraception
A. Birth control pill or oral contraceptive
Also called “the pill,” contains the hormones estrogen and progestin and is available in different hormone dosages.
How does it work?
It contains the female hormones progestin and estrogen and stops the ovary from releasing an egg. A pill is taken once a day and it comes in 28 days pack. It works by changing the lining of the uterus and making it difficult for the egg to attach to the wall of the uterus. It also thickens the cervical mucus and makes it difficult for the sperm to travel up to the uterus.
B. Transdermal patch
How does it work?
Patch is 4 cm square of polyester containing the female hormones estrogen and progestin. It stops ovulation and thickens the cervical mucus.
C. Contraceptive ring
How does it work?
It is inserted into the vagina and releases female hormones estrogen and progestin. It stops ovulation and makes it difficult for the egg to attach to the uterus wall.
It contains only the female hormone progestin. It prevents ovulation. It must be administered every12 weeks.
2. Barrier methods of contraception
They are called barrier methods of birth against HIV and other STDs. This method is 100% effective because they put up a barrier on the chances of pregnancy and STDs by preventing the sperms from reaching the ova to fertilize it. Male condoms are inexpensive and easy to get without a prescription. Female condoms cost more than male condoms and can be difficult to use properly. Female condoms cost more than male condoms and can be difficult to use properly. Condoms can only be used once.
Also called cervical caps, they block the sperms from entering the cervix and reaching the egg. Before sexual intercourse, you use them with Spermicides.
It is made out of polyurethane foam and contains the spermicide nono-xynol-9. They are very good barriers and can be used for more than one act in 24 hours.
They are the chemicals that kill sperm or make the sperm unable to move towards the egg. They are available in different forms and are very 71-82% effective.
E. IUD: it is a small plastic T-shaped device that is placed inside the uterus by a doctor. It contains the hormone progesterone; it prevents ovulation and thickens the mucus, preventing the sperms from entering the egg. It is 98% effective technique. It can remain inserted for one year.
F. Other methods:
Other methods like the abstinence or avoiding sex, sterilization and withdrawal methods can also be employed to prevented pregnancy and STD. Sterilization method is 99% effective while withdrawal is not that safe option of birth control.