Angina is also known as angina pectoris, which means “squeezing of chest” in the latin language. It includes chest pain that is caused by insufficient blood flow to the heart muscles. The heart muscle is work with the help of coronary arteries. If these arteries get narrower, the reduced blood flow means that the heart muscle receives less oxygen than it needs to properly function. Angina is often a warning sign of an approaching heart attack. The severity of the heart attack depends on how many myocardial cells (muscles of the heart) are damaged or killed. Middle-aged and overweight male smokers are most at risk of angina.
Causes of angina:
There are a certain activities and things that might prompt angina and its severe effects like
High emotion such as anger or exertion
Eating a large meal
Unhealthy cholesterol levels especially in menopausal women
Signs and symptoms of angina:
The common symptoms of angina are as follows-
Pain in the center of the chest
Pain accompanied by breathlessness and sweating
Pressure or a feeling of tightness in the chest
Scorching pain to the neck, jaw and left arm, or both arms
Radiating pain in the upper back and shoulders
Adverse effects of the problem:
Heart attacks and strokes are the most common complications of angina. The risk of heart attack increases if you have high blood pressure also. Strokes happen when the blood supply to the brain is halted.
Preventive angina attack is not a big task. On can easily prevent the chances of an angina attack by the following methods:
Eating a good healthy diet
Cutting back the salts to the minimum required amount
Stopping smoking to keep the blood pressure in control
Alcohol consumption should also be lowered as it may raise the blood pressure and cause a heart attack
Maintain a healthy weight
Being physically fit is also very important, thus involve yourself into playful exercises and keep your body healthy
Some common anti-aginal medicines are as follows: • Amlopres+ Benace • Cipril • Lipril • Amlodepine Besylate • Angispan etc. You can buy the anti-angina drugs online at very cheap rates from various online pharmamcies.
Myths and facts:
Myth: angina is a disease Fact: angina is not a disease, in fact, it is a symptom of some undergoing health problem like a heart condition.
Myth: the pain of angina is same in both males and females Fact: angina pain is different in the both sexes, as male feels tightening in the chest accompanied by pain, females feels as if something is being stabbed in the chest.
Diagnosis of angina pectoris:
The physician initiates the treatment and diagnosis of family history of heart diseases, followed by a general blood test (checking cholesterol levels and sugar levels of the body). Authentication of the state of the patient is done by using following techniques such as: Electrocardiogram (ecg) gives the complete information of heart beat and gives a clear picture of heart blood flow. Coronary angiography is a technique uses x-ray imaging to examine the in the interior blood vessels of the heart. A labeled dye is inserted that is visible to the x-ray machine and gives the detailed status of blood circulation inside the vessels. Cardiac mri a patient is made to lie on a table inside a long tube-like machine that produces detailed images of your heart's structure and its blood vessels Echocardiogram gives an image of the heart with which doctor analyzes the blood flow
Treatment for angina pectoris:
These are the drugs that are involved in increasing the oxygen supply to the heart while decreasing the demand on myocardial (muscles of the heart) oxygen. They help to maintain the overall balance of oxygen demand and supply. They include nitrates, beta blockers, ace inhibitors and calcium channel blockers. Nitrate drugs: drugs such as nitroglycerine, isosorbide mononitrate act by producing vasodilatation in constricted blood vessels and facilitate smooth flow of blood to the heart. They have use since 140 years. Beta blockers: atenolol and propranolol are the drugs that aids in blood vessels relaxation. They reduce the effects of adrenaline and decrease the bp, which further relaxes the blood vessels and open them for the smooth blood flow to the heart. Calcium channel blockers: amlodipine, diltiazem, and verapamil belong to this class. They block the voltage-dependent channels in vascular smooth muscle and heart and increase the blood flow to the heart and prevents angina. They don’t allow platelets to get aggregated and form plaque like structure in arteries Ace inhibitors: ramipril, lisinopril work by preventing the accumulation of fluid in the in arteries by inhibiting angiotensin enzyme activity. This enzyme is involved in regulating the overall body fluid up in the body and has protective effects on the heart. Buy these anti angina medications at very cheap rates from various leading online pharmacies.
Treatment using surgery:
Both angioplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) are commonly used to treat heart disease. Angioplasty: by angioplasty medical professionals can open blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. During this procedure, a thin tube with a balloon or another device on the end is threaded through a blood vessel to the narrowed or blocked coronary artery. Coronary arteries bypass grafting (CABG): healthy arteries or veins taken from other areas in your body are used to bypass your narrowed coronary arteries. Bypass surgery improves blood flow to your heart, relieve chest pain, and possibly prevent a heart attack.
Steps to improve the health:
Quit smoking: smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels and try to avoid secondhand smoke. If you have trouble quitting smoking on your own, consider joining a support group Follow a healthy diet: includes a variety of fruits and vegetables. A healthy diet also is low in sodium (salt), added sugars, solid fats, and refined grains Be physically active after checking that which of the activities are safer for you Maintain a healthy weight: if you are obese or overweight try to maintain the weight by undergoing a weight loss program Take all medicines as your doctor prescribes you and up till he prescribes
Important thing to know:
A stress-free and healthy life is very important to keep angina attacks at bay and thus improve your overall health also.