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Alcohol & Drug Treatment

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About Alcohol and Drug Addiction:

Addiction to alcohol or drugs is the common issue among many youngsters today. The easy part is to get addicted, but the difficult task is to get rid of the habit permanently. Addicted people willing to get rid of the addiction aren’t able to succeed as addiction simply overpowers them.

This is when the drug addiction treatment or alcohol addiction treatment come into play. The treatment includes some medications. Drug addiction is a dependence on an illegal drug or alcohol despite the problems related to the persistent use of that substance.

Compulsive and repetitive use may result in tolerance to the effect of the drug and withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but most people find they can't do it on their own. You may need help from your doctor, family, friends, support groups or an organized treatment program to overcome your drug addiction and stay drug-free.

Causes of alcohol and drug addiction:

People experiment the use of hypnotic drugs overpowered by the thought that it will make them feel good or will keep them away from day to day tension. Some people get caught up in this vicious circle just in hope to get few moments of relaxation. The quantity of the drug taken doesn’t matter; there is a very thin line between the regular users and the addicts. People are not able to know the point when they cross this thin line.
The reason that some drug users become addicted, while others don’t:
There are various reasons and condition that matter as the vulnerability of the person to the drug differs from person to person. Risk factors that increase your vulnerability include:

  • Family history of addiction
  • Abuse, neglect, or other traumatic experiences in childhood
  • Mental disorders such as depression and anxiety
  • Early use of drugs
  • Method of administration—smoking or injecting a drug may increase its addictive potential

Signs and Symptoms:

Marijuana: Glassy, red eyes; loud talking; inappropriate laughter followed by sleepiness; loss of interest; gain or loss.

Alcohol: Frequent hangovers, irresponsible drinking, such as before driving and excessive binge drinking.

Depressants: Contracted pupils; drunk-like; difficulty concentrating; clumsiness; poor judgment; slurred speech; sleepiness.

Stimulants(cocaine, crystal meth): Dilated pupils; hyperactivity; euphoria; irritability; anxiety

Inhalants (glues, aerosols, vapors): Watery eyes; impaired vision, memory, and thought; secretions from the nose or rashes around the nose and mouth; headaches and nausea

Hallucinogens (LSD, PCP): Dilated pupils; bizarre and irrational behavior including paranoia, aggression, hallucinations

Heroin: Contracted pupils; no response of pupils to light; needle marks; sleeping at unusual times; sweating; vomiting; coughing, sniffling; twitching; loss of appetite


Adverse effects of the problem:

Dependence on drugs can create some life-changing complications like accidents, sudden deaths, health problems, family, financial, social and work issues and communicable diseases.

Preventive measures:

The way the parents, the elders, the companions, teachers and doctor forward the message to their loved ones is very important. Media also plays a very big role in spreading awareness about the ways to prevent or to stay away from addiction.
The following strategies or steps can be taken on solid bases to prevent the used of alcohol and illegal drugs:
• Teach people to manage stress and anxiety
• Teach then the ways to strengthen the self-esteem
• Increase taxes on tobacco and alcohol products to reduce their use
• Restrict marketing and advertisements of the addictive substances

Common Anti-addiction medicines:

Some common anti-addiction medicines that you can buy online are:
• Naltima
• Acamprol
• Dizone etc.

Myths and facts:

Myth:stopping drug use can be done at any time
Fact: it is very difficult to stop use of drugs suddenly due to withdrawal symptoms, but there are many treatments and programs that may help you to quit drugs or alcohol.

Myth: teenagers are too young t get addicted
Fact: addiction can happen at any age. Even an unborn children might get addicted due to their mother’s constant and excessive drug use.

Diagnosis of addiction:

Diagnosis starts at the home level by family doctor owing to the behavioral changes.The doctor will ask several questions, including how often the substance is consumed, whether the substance used has been criticized by other people, and whether the patient feels he/she may have a problem. If the doctor suspects that there is an addiction problem, the patient will be referred to a specialist.
Blood test - this may be ordered to determine whether the substance is still in the blood (whether the substance has been taken recently). It is not used to diagnose addiction.
Finally, the person must meet criteria spelled out in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). This manual is published by the American Psychiatric Association and is used by mental health professionals to diagnose the mental condition.

Treatment for addiction:

Can addiction be cured? It is a big question, with a positive answer, but the process could vary with the condition of the patient. It may include
Treatment programs: such programs are organized by family or self-help groups to educate and bring awareness to the patient about his recovery.
Counseling: In these the psychiatrist helps the patients to cope up with the craving and temptations, suggest strategies to prevent drugs and relapse.
Withdrawal therapy: It includes withdrawing from the drug or detoxification. Detoxification may involve gradually reducing the dose of the drug or temporarily substituting other substances, such as Methadone or Buprenorphine they have less severe side effects. Disulfiram and Cabergoline are a few drugs used to solve the problem of addiction to alcohols and drugs.
You can buy cheap and reliable alcohol drug treatment medicines online from various reputed online pharmacies.

Length of the recovery treatment
Individuals progress through drug addiction treatment at various speeds, so there is no predetermined length of treatment. However, research has shown unequivocally that good outcomes are contingent on adequate lengths of treatment. Generally, for residential or outpatient treatment, participation for less than 90 days is of limited or no effectiveness, and treatments lasting significantly longer often are indicated. For methadone maintenance, 12 months of treatment is the minimum, and some opiate-addicted individuals will continue to benefit from methadone maintenance treatment over a period of years.

Steps to improve the health:

A lot of effort is required to cope up with the addiction and to maintain a drug-free life. It is very important for the person and the people around him /her.
Following steps would prove helpful:
Visit a therapist: Addiction is attached to some troubles that may be solved with counseling. You may have other mental health concerns that need to be taken care of or you may have marriage or family dilemma you need to work through. Therapy will help you regain your peace of mind and mend your relationships.
Join a support group: Support groups, can prove to be very effective in coping with addiction. Kindness, understanding, and collective experiences can help you shatter your addiction and to follow drug-free. You may find support groups in your community.
Seek Treatment for other psychological health ailments: as the people with disturbed mental health like depression are more prone to get addicted to drugs, immediate medical help is needed in such case.
Intervention by folks and relatives: An intervention is a carefully planned process in which family and friends, teachers, and others join to confront someone about the consequences of addiction and make him or her to accept the condition. Family and friends can play critical roles in motivating individuals with drug problems to enter and stay in treatment. Family therapy is important, especially for adolescents. Involvement of a family member in an individual’s treatment program can strengthen and extend the benefits of the program.

Important thing to know:

Many drug addicts, such as heroin or cocaine addicts and particularly injection drug users, are at increased risk for HIV/AIDS as well as other infectious diseases like hepatitis, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections. For these individuals and the community at large, drug addiction treatment is disease prevention.

What is drug addiction?

Drug addiction is a disease that affects an individual’s brain and behaviour and leads to an inability to control the use of an illegal drug. It is also called substance use disorder; these substances include marijuana, alcohol, and nicotine, which are considered drugs. When an individual is addicted, he/she may continue using the drug despite knowing how harmful it is.

Is there an effective treatment for drug addiction?

Addiction is a powerful force, causing uncontrollable cravings, poor decision making, and destructive behaviour. The longer you abuse drugs, the harder for you to stop and the consequences may be life-threatening. There is no one size fits all solution for treating drug addiction; most treatment programs include some combination of medication, behavioural therapy, education, and loved one support.            

What is the difference between addiction and dependence?

When the term dependence is used, it usually refers to a physical dependence on a substance. The symptoms of tolerance and withdrawal generally characterize dependence. It is possible to have a dependence without being addicted.

Addiction is a change in behaviour caused by the chemical changes in the brain after continued substance abuse. For an addict, substance use becomes the major priority regardless of the harm they may cause to themselves or others. Addiction causes some individuals to act irrationally when they lack the substance they are addicted to in their system.  

Is drug addiction treatable?

Receiving treatment is essential to break the cycle of addiction. Many options have been successful in treating drug addiction. However, a chronic addiction is difficult to treat and requires ongoing care. 

Is medical marijuana safe?

The marijuana plant has not been approved by the food and drug administration. However, a pill from THC ( a chemical found in marijuana that interferes with brain function) is already available for some conditions, such as nausea associated with chemotherapy and weight loss in patients with AIDs. Earlier, some research studies suggest that some of the active substances in marijuana, like THC and cannabidiol (CBD), might be able to help treat medical conditions such as cancer, epilepsy, or addiction. Researchers are studying THC and CBD to develop some effective solutions. However, smoked marijuana cannot make an ideal medicine because of its potential side effects, including the risk of addiction and the lung damage it causes.

How can you help someone with a drug addiction?

Numerous different treatment options can be effective; think of one approach best suited to your friend or your loved ones. Depending on the nature of the addiction, treatment might involve medications, psychotherapy, support groups or a combination of all of these.

What is withdrawal? What are its symptoms?

Drug withdrawal is a physiological response to the sudden quitting or slowing of using that illegal substance your body is dependent on. Symptoms may vary with the type of drug. For example, physical symptoms of heroin may include insomnia, restlessness, muscle/bone pain, vomiting and cold flashes. These symptoms may last for several days, but the general depression often accompanies heroin withdrawal may last for weeks.  

If a pregnant lady is addicted to drugs, how does it affect the baby during and after pregnancy?

Taking drugs during pregnancy also increase the chance of congenital disabilities, underweight babies, stillborn births, and premature babies. Exposure to drugs such as marihuana, also called ganja, and alcohol before birth has been proven to cause behavioural problems in early childhood.  

How quickly does one get addicted to drugs?

Every person is different; the amount and duration of drug/alcohol required to develop an addiction varies from one individual to another and is impacted by factors such as

  • Traumatic experiences
  • Family history of substance use
  • Age at onset of drug use
  • Mental health conditions like depression or anxiety
  • Administration method

These factors align differently to affect the development of addiction. For instance, a teen with depression injected with an opioid will likely become addicted more quickly than an emotionally balanced adult who only swallows tablets.  

What makes a drug addictive?

The use of illicit drugs affects the brain's communication system; they interrupt the normal processes in the brain in different ways. Certain drugs mimic neurotransmitters (chemical messengers that are naturally produced in the brain), and others may stimulate the brain's reward centre. Some drugs, such as marijuana or opiates, can trick the brain into sending abnormal messages that create a false reaction. Other drugs, such as methamphetamine or cocaine, cause the release of dopamine chemicals in huge amounts. Both these patterns affect normal communication in the brain. Chemical messengers regulate emotions and feelings of pleasure. This overstimulation causes a sense of euphoria in response to illicit drugs. This response creates a fake pattern, which forces people to repeat the behaviour of using drugs to try to keep acquiring the sense of euphoria it forms.

What are the signs of abuse and addiction?

Common physical signs include sudden weight loss, bloodshot eyes, change in complexion, interrupted sleep patterns, and poor personal hygiene. Other signs of drug addiction are:

  • Changes in behaviour (ignoring responsibilities and financial distress)
  • Psychological symptoms (depression, low self-esteem, poor motivation, irritability, and mood swings)
  • Changes in performance (poor decision making, increased conflict)
  • Fertility issues in men
  • Uncharacteristic body hair growth and male pattern baldness

How do you know if your loved one is addicted to drugs?

General signs include:

  • poor work performance at the office, being late to work, disinterested in performing duties, and appearing tired
  • Children show disinterest in school-related activities and declining grades
  • Changed behaviour such as an increased desire for privacy
  • Changes in physical appearance such as wearing inappropriate or dirty clothes and lack of interest in grooming
  • Spending more money or developing the habit of borrowing money
  • Drastic changes in personal relationships
  • Lack of energy while performing daily activities
  • Decreased appetite and associated weight loss
  • Defensiveness when asked about substance use
  • Bloodshot eyes, poor skin complexion
  • Not paying bills or other issues associated with financial management

What does a substance use disorder?

Drug addiction is a substance use disorder that affects an individual’s brain and behaviour and makes them control the use of an illegal drug. A substance such as nicotine, alcohol, and marijuana are considered illegal drugs. When an individual is addicted, they may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes.  

Can addiction lead to mental health issues?

If someone is chronically using drugs or alcohol, it can lead to changes in the brain, leading to mental health issues including anxiety, aggression, depression, paranoia, hallucinations, and other problems.

How can you support someone with an addiction?

Your loved one will often have a greater chance of overcoming addiction with your support. You can use the following strategies:

  • Build trust so they will be more likely to listen.
  • Be honest and let them understand how harmful addiction is and how it affects their lives and your relationship with them.
  • Support them while respecting their privacy. You can’t force them into quitting, but you can be a source of strength.

Do all excessive drinkers deal with an alcohol use order?

Moderate drinking lies at one end of a range that moves through alcohol use to alcohol dependence.

What is the cause of the drinking problem?

Drinking problems have multiple causes, from genetic and physiological to psychological and social factors, all playing a role. Not every person is equally affected by each cause. For some alcohol abusers, psychological issues such as low self-esteem, impulsiveness, and a need for approval prompt inappropriate drinking. Some people drink to cope with emotional problems.

What do you understand by moderate drinking?

Moderate alcohol (level of drinking) use for healthy adults generally means up to one drink a day for women and up to two drinks per day for men.

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