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Osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is one of the major reasons for fractures among the aged and adult population. It causes the bone to become porous and so brittle that even a mild alteration in posture may result in fracture. 

Bone osteoporosis is a skeletal disease that affects more than ten million people in the US. Fractures associated with this bone condition are more likely to happen in women, i.e., 40 to 50% and 13% of men—the clinical consequences of osteoporosis are often characterized by a decrease in bone density mineral. The bone disorder is associated with fracture, characterized by less bone and structural deterioration. Typically, no signs of osteoporosis appear during the early stage of bone loss. But once your bone health deteriorates, you might have osteoporosis symptoms, including weight loss over time, back pain caused by a fractured bone, a stopped posture, and a bone more likely to break. The risk for osteoporosis is exhibited by age and sex; it is higher during childhood and adolescence but reduces in adulthood because of peak bone mass. But after 45 years of age, particularly in women, risk again increased; in men, the risk increased above 60. 

Common Osteoporosis causes include menopause and ageing, the most common chronic metabolic bone condition characterized by increased bone fragility. The doctor can recommend the best treatment for osteoporosis. Osteofos is one of the commonly recommended oral treatments for bones. But before jumping to the osteoporosis treatment section, let’s closely look at osteoporosis causes and symptoms. 

 

Causes: 

Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis. Healthy bones may get affected due to the following:

  1. Hormonal levels: if the sex hormone levels in the body are lower than the normal levels, for example, in menopause in women, osteoporosis may occur.
  2. Dietary habits like eating very less of calcium food may also trigger the onset of osteoporosis.
  3. An overactive thyroid gland can also produce more thyroid hormones that can cause too much bone loss.
  4. Certain medications, like those used for the conditions like seizures, gastric reflux, transplant rejection and cancer, can cause osteoporosis.
  5. Lifestyle choices like sedentary life, no exercise, too much alcohol consumption and tobacco use may lead to osteoporosis.
  6. Gender: women are more likely to have osteoporosis than men
  7. Age: the risk of having osteoporosis increases with age
  8. Family history: more chances of osteoporosis if your parents have experienced a fracture due to fragile bones.

 

Symptoms:

Early stages of bone loss do not have symptoms, but osteoporosis signs and symptoms may start appearing with time. The common signs of osteoporosis are: 

  1. Gradual loss of height
  2. A stooped posture
  3. Back pain or fractured vertebra
  4. Frequent bone fractures
  5. Hip fractures

Some fractures due to osteoporosis may escape detection for years. Many people cannot detect osteoporosis until they get pain due to a fracture. The symptoms are similar in men and women. 

 

Complications and adverse effects: 

Many fractures, especially those associated with the hips and spine, are some of the serious complications of osteoporosis. Hip fractures can occur due to falls, and the disability can occur in adults if not cared for properly. In some cases, serious fractures can cause life-threatening problems also.

Spine fractures are probable to occur even without any fracture. A spine fracture may occur when the joints of the spine get weakened to such a large amount that it crumples, and the person faces lots of back pain, loss of height and a hunched posture. 

 

Prevention: 

There are various ways to make the bones strong to avoid getting osteoporosis. For osteoporosis prevention, here are the three main things one should keep in mind to include in your daily life:

  • A proper amount of calcium intake- you can include items like soy, canned salmon and sardines with bones, dark green leafy vegetables, cereals, and juices
  • Having an adequate amount of vitamin D
  • Doing regular exercise

 

Diagnosis 

The diagnostic test is based on the identification of bone density. It is done through an X-ray test. The X-ray test used to identify the mineral density of the bones uses low X-rays. A person has to lie on a padded table during the diagnostic test. The doctor then uses an X-ray machine to scan body parts to check the bones of regions such as the hip, wrists, and spine. 

 

Treatment 

The type of treatment option for osteoporosis depends on the amount of loss caused to the bones. The osteoporosis treatment might not include heavy medications if the risks are low. The problem can be resolved with changes such as lifestyle and safety measures to avoid accidents and fractures. But medications are the only saviour in cases with an increased risk of osteoporosis. 

 

Common medicines 

The major purpose of osteoporosis medications is to enhance bone density and decrease the chances of fracture. Here is a list of universal bone medicines to avoid osteoporosis problems. 

Osteofos: This is an antiosteoporotic medication effective in treating and preventing the weakening of the bones caused by menopause or using steroids in adults. It reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures. Osteofos tablet contains Alendronate sodium that belongs to the category of drugs known as bisphosphonates which helps prevent bone breakdown by slowing bone loss. It is considered one of the best osteoporosis medicines, as it helps keep the bones strong, increases the thickness, and reduces the risk of fractures. It helps rebuild bones, which reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures.

Ralista is a prescription medicine containing Raloxifene hydrochloride, a selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat osteoporosis. It treats and prevents bone problems in postmenopausal women. It prevents bone loss that can develop in women after menopause. Ralista makes the bone stronger and lowers the risk of fractures.  

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Steps to improve health: 

The following suggestion might prove helpful in reducing the risk of having a fracture due to osteoporosis: 

  • Avoid smoking as smoking increases the chances of having a fragile bone fracture and reduces the bone density
  • Reduce the alcohol intake, as the alcohol may decrease bone formation and increase the risk of falling
  • Avoid falling by wearing flat slippers with grips, using area rugs, instal grab bars on the bathroom walls or doors
  • Exercise regularly
  • Consume a diet rich in Calcium and Vitamin-D

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What is osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones. And brittle to the extent that a fall or mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist, or spine. The bone disease progresses without symptoms or pain and is not found until a bone fracture. Osteoporosis can contribute to decreasing bone strength, thus increasing the risk of fractures. You can take steps towards preventing the disease, and treatments exist.   

What causes osteoporosis?

Aging is associated with gradual bone loss in men, leading to fragile bones and increased fracture risk. With age, there is certainly a decline in hormone levels. Androgens are the hormones that play a crucial role in regulating bone formation in men. Some of these hormones in the body affect bone turnover. If you have a disease of the hormone-producing glands, you may be more likely to develop osteoporosis. Other risk factors include family history, body frame size, and dietary factors (low calcium intake, eating disorders, gastrointestinal surgery).  

How to prevent osteoporosis?

You can take action to keep your bones healthy and slow down bone loss by eating a diet high in calcium, getting enough vitamin D, regular exercise and leading a healthy lifestyle.

What are osteoporosis symptoms?

Usually, no symptoms appear at the early stage of osteoporosis, but as the bone disorder progresses, you might have signs and symptoms that include loss of height, back pain, easily broken bones, and stooped posture.

Is osteoporosis genetic?

Osteoporosis is a common bone disorder with a strong genetic component characterized by reduced mass, defects in the bone tissue, and an increased risk of fragility fractures. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, although there are key risk factors. These include age, genetics, and gender. Diet and lifestyle can also give rise to poor bone health and increase your risk of osteoporosis. There is no cure for osteoporosis once you have it, although treatments help improve bone health and lower the chance of fractures. Taking preventive measures can prevent this bone disorder from developing. Even if osteoporosis doesn’t run in your family, you could still be at high risk as you age.   

Is osteoporosis hereditary?

Yes, having a parent or sibling with osteoporosis puts you at greater risk, especially if your parents fractured a hip. If you have a family history of osteoporosis, you are more at risk of developing it. As per research studies conducted by the American academy of orthopaedic surgeons, this is especially true if you have a background of bone fractures on your mother’s side of the family. More investigation is needed, as there aren’t definitive conclusions yet. However, researchers and scientists are hopeful that one day they will be able to recognize all the genes that are often associated with osteoporosis.

Can you reverse osteoporosis?

The answer is no, osteoporosis cannot be completely reversed and is not considered curable, but there are preventive measures to prevent the bone disorder.

You can make several health and lifestyle adjustments to improve bone loss and reduce osteoporosis symptoms. Your doctor may also prescribe medications to slow bone loss caused by osteoporosis. The bone disorder can worsen if not properly treated. Consistently eating certain nutrients can improve bone health, including calcium, vitamin D, protein, vitamin K, magnesium, and zinc.

What is the best and safest treatment for osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis medications improve your bone mineral density and prevent fractures. Some osteoporosis medicines help build more bone, while others slow down bone loss. As you age, your bones may wear down faster than your body can repair. If you suspect losing a lot of bone density, the doctor could check you for osteoporosis and prescribe medications accordingly. The bone disorder can’t be cured, but treatment with osteoporosis medicines and several lifestyle changes can slow the disease's progression and even stop it. Regular exercise, a diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, and prevention of falls can all make a huge difference.

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