Osteoporosis is a disease of fragile bones, having an increased chance of fracture. Osteoporosis condition weakens the bones and makes them more susceptible to breakage. The case of osteoporosis occurs when your body is losing too much of bone or making too less of bone mass.
The word 'osteo' means ‘bones’ and 'porosis' means ‘porous’. The osteoporosis condition alters the normal honeycomb like pores in the bones to much bigger holes and spaces that pose potential risks of the bones fractures.
Osteoporosis has some risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis:
Early stages of bone loss do not have any symptoms, but with time the symptoms may start appearing. The common signs of osteoporosis are:
Some fractures due to osteoporosis may escape detection for years. Many people are not able to detect osteoporosis until they get a pain due to fracture. The symptoms are similar in men and women.
Complications and adverse effects:
Many fractures specially the ones associated with hips and spine are some of the serious complications of osteoporosis. The hips fractures can occur due to falls and the disability can occur in the adults if the not taken care of properly. In some cases the serious fractures can cause life threatening problems also.
The spine fractures are probable to occur even without any fracture. The spine fracture may occur when the joints are of the spine get weakened to such a large amount that it crumples and the persons faces lots of back pain, loss of height and a hunched posture.
There are various ways to make the bones strong so as to avaoid the changes of getting osteoporosis. Here are the three main things one should keep in mind to include in your daily life so as to keep the bones healthy:
The major purpose of the osteoporosis medicines is to enhance the bone density and decrease the chances of getting any kind of fractures. Here is the list of universal osteoporosis medicines that one choose to avoid any kind of problems of osteoporosis.
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Myths and facts:
myth: people with osteoporosis can feel their bones getting weaker
fact: no, as this condition is called a ‘silent disease’ as the patient is unaware of the problem till a bone get fractured or the person starts loosing his height due to one of more broken bones of spines.
myth: if you drink lots of milk then you may be completely free from the fear of having osteoporosis
fact:no, even if you drink lots of milk still you may have chances of getting osteoporosis.
The diagnostic test is based on the identification of the bone density. It is done through an x-ray test. The x-ray test used to identify the mineral density of the bones uses low levels of x-rays. During the diagnostic test, a person has to lie on a padded table. The doctor then uses an x-ray machine to scan particular parts of the body to check the bones of regions such as hip, wrists, and spine.
The type of treatment option to be used depends on the amount of loss caused to the bones. If the risks are not very high, then the treatment might not include heavy medications and the problem can be resolved with the certain changes such as lifestyle and the safety measurements to avoid accidents and fractures.
But in cases with an increased risk of osteoporosis, medications are the only saviour and the most commonly used medications for osteoporosis are:
If even after consumption of these medicines your body is not able to tolerate the drug, and then your doctor might prescribe the following:
Steps to improve health:
The following suggestion might prove helpful in reducing the risk of having a fracture due to osteoporosis:
Important things to know
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