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Osteoporosis

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About Osteoporosis:

Osteoporosis is one of the major reasons for fracture among the aged and adult population. It causes the bone to become porous and so brittle that even a mild alteration in posture may result in fracture. Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease that affects more than ten million people in the US. Fractures associated with this bone condition are more likely to happen in women, i.e., 40 to 50% and 13% of men—the clinical consequences of osteoporosis, are often characterized by a decrease in bone density mineral. The bone disorder is associated with fracture, characterized by less bone and structural deterioration. The major risk for osteoporosis is exhibited by age and sex; risk is higher during childhood and adolescence, whereas it reduces in adult life because of peak bone mass. But after 45 years of age, particularly in women, risk again increased, while in men, the risk increased above the age of 60.

Osteoporosis can cause due to various factors, including menopause and aging, which is the most common chronic metabolic bone condition characterized by increased bone fragility.

Causes:

Osteoporosis has some risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing osteoporosis:

  • Gender: women are more likely to have osteoporosis than men
  • Age: the risk of having osteoporosis increases with age
  • Family history: more chances of osteoporosis if your parents have experienced a fracture due to fragile bones.
  • Hormonal levels: if the sex hormone levels in the body are lower than the normal levels, for example, in menopause in women, osteoporosis may occur.
  • Dietary habits like eating very less of calcium through food may also trigger the onset of osteoporosis
  • An overactive thyroid gland can also lead to produce more thyroid hormones that can cause too much bone loss
  • Certain medications like those used for the conditions like seizures, gastric reflux, transplant rejection and cancer can cause osteoporosis
  • Lifestyle choices like sedentary life, no exercise, too much alcohol consumption and tobacco use may lead to osteoporosis

Symptoms:

Early stages of bone loss do not have any symptoms, but the symptoms may start appearing with time. The common signs of osteoporosis are: 

  • Gradual loss of height
  • A stooped posture
  • Back pain or fractured vertebra
  • Frequent bone fractures
  • Hip fractures

Some fractures due to osteoporosis may escape detection for years. Many people cannot detect osteoporosis until they get pain due to a fracture. The symptoms are similar in men and women.

Complications and adverse effects:

Many fractures, especially those associated with hips and spine, are some of the serious complications of osteoporosis. Hip fractures can occur due to falls, and the disability can occur in adults if they are not taken care of properly. In some cases, serious fractures can cause life-threatening problems also.

Spine fractures are probable to occur even without any fracture. The spine fracture may occur when the joints of the spine get weakened to such a large amount that it crumples, and the person faces lots of back pain, loss of height and a hunched posture.

Prevention:

There are various ways to make the bones strong to avoid getting osteoporosis. Here are the three main things one should keep in mind to include in your daily life to keep the bones healthy:

  • A proper amount of calcium intake- you can include items like soy, canned salmon and sardines with bones, dark green leafy vegetables, cereals, and juices
  • Having an adequate amount of vitamin D
  • Getting regular exercise

Diagnosis

The diagnostic test is based on the identification of bone density. It is done through an x-ray test. The x-ray test used to identify the mineral density of the bones uses low levels of x-rays. A person has to lie on a padded table during the diagnostic test. The doctor then uses an x-ray machine to scan body parts to check the bones of regions such as the hip, wrists, and spine.

Treatment

The type of treatment option for osteoporosis depends on the amount of loss caused to the bones. If the risks are not very high, the treatment might not include heavy medications. The problem can be resolved with changes such as lifestyle and safety measurements to avoid accidents and fractures. But in cases with an increased risk of osteoporosis, medications are the only saviour

Common medicines

The major purpose of osteoporosis medicines is to enhance bone density and decrease the chances of fracture. Here is the list of universal osteoporosis medicines that one chooses to avoid any osteoporosis problems.

Osteofos: This is an antiosteoporotic medication effective in treating and preventing weakening of the bones caused by menopause or using steroids in adults. It reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures. Osteofos tablet contains Alendronate sodium that belongs to the category of drugs known as bisphosphonates that helps in the prevention of bone breakdown by slowing bone loss. The medicine helps keep the bones strong, increases the thickness, and reduces the risk of fractures. It helps rebuild bones, which reduces the risk of spine and hip fractures.

Ralista is a prescription medicine containing Raloxifene hydrochloride, a selective estrogen receptor modulator used to treat osteoporosis. It treats and prevents bone problems in postmenopausal women. It prevents bone loss that can develop in women after menopause. Ralista makes the bone stronger and lowers the risk of fractures.  

Buy these osteoporosis products online from alldaychemist.com to get genuine and comparatively cheaper drugs online.

Steps to improve health:

The following suggestion might prove helpful in reducing the risk of having a fracture due to osteoporosis:

  • Avoid smoking as smoking increases the chances of having a fragile bone fracture and reduces the bone density
  • Reduce the alcohol intake, as the alcohol may decrease the bone formation and increase the risk of falling
  • Avoid falling by wearing flat slippers with grips, using area rugs, instal grab bars on the bathroom walls or doors
  • Exercise regularly
  • Consume a diet rich in Calcium and Vitamin-D

The osteoporosis medicines are available online at very low prices. You can buy several osteoporosis products online at very reasonable prices from Alldaychemist.com.

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