Allergy is the result of reactions that occur between the immune system of the human and the outside substances. The substances may look very harmless but the pain and the irritation can cause severe discomfort. The symptoms of allergy will vary from red eyes, itching, and eczema. The common allergy is due to dust particles, when it comes in contact with our external organs like eyes or nose and internal organs like lungs. Sometimes, a particular kind of food item can also be the reason of allergy. Some allergic diseases are the result of genetic disorder. Before going for any allergy medicines, it is extremely important to know the exact reason behind the allergy. There are a number of allergy relief products available on alldaychemist.com. These are from the most reputed brands of the industry and provide instant relief from allergies. But we always insist to get a proper check done before ordering the product online. The different kinds of test that can confirm on the reason behind the allergic reaction are skin tests, blood test and other tests recommended by your doctor. It would be advisable to visit an ABAI certified physician.
The allergic reaction usually occurs when a person’s immune system reacts to substances in the environment. These foreign substances are harmless to most people and are called allergens. These allergens are often found in dust, pets, moulds, pollen, insects, food, and certain medications. Allergy is the most widespread disease in the world. The immune system responds to foreign microbes or particles by producing some proteins called antibodies. These antibodies can bind to identifying molecules, or antigens present on the foreign particle. This reaction between antibody and antigen sets off a series of chemical reactions intended to protect the body from infection. Sometimes, this same series of reactions is triggered by allergens. So, an allergen is a substance that provokes allergy.
Causes of Allergy:
Allergy is caused due to some risk factors and allergens. The common allergens are as follows:
Allergens in the Air:
Animal fuzz and dander
House mites remain
Plant pollens grains
Dust from the house
Allergens from Food:
Vaccines like that of flu and tetanus
Allergens in the form of Insects and Arthropods:
Contact dermatitis Allergens:
Poison ivy, oak, sumac
Signs and Symptoms:
Here are the signs and symptoms of various allergies caused by different allergens:
The dust, pollens, smoke, pet fur, and dander may cause a slight to severe coughing and sneezing in mild cases, but in extreme conditions, it can cause dangerous breathing problems such as bronchitis and asthmatic attack.
Continuous wheezing and stomach pain, along with nausea vomiting, is the major symptom of food allergy. Eczema, bronchitis, and asthma-like symptoms can also be seen.
Use of drugs or antibiotics causes severe skin rashes or hives along with itchy skin, swelling of body parts and severe conditions like anaphylaxis.
Allergy due to insect sting and bites:
Harsh conditions may show symptoms of anaphylaxis, breathing problems and hives. Swelling at the site of the attack is one of the most common symptoms along with this dizziness, unconsciousness, swelling of the tongue, and cardiac attack are the signs, which happens in severe conditions.
The symptoms include red, itchy skin, small bumps that are filled with fluid that oozes out. Sometimes various blisters can be seen that often appears with the feeling of burning sensation.
Adverse effects of the problem:
Most allergies are temporary and can be easily treated with medicines. Still, a few allergic attacks are dangerous, like an anaphylactic attack, wherein a person is not able to breathe, swallow anything, and the tongue also swells up.
Follow the tips given below and stay away from allergies:
Limit your exposure to allergens
Enforce restricted contact with animal/pet
Wear personal protective equipment’s as masks to avoid triggers
Step of good personal hygiene:
Always wash hands after coming in contact with animals and before leaving the laboratory or in any other way when you come closer to animals
Do not eat, drink, smoke, handle contact lenses, use cosmetics in work areas and wash your hands before engaging in any of these activities
Wash your bedding in hot water (130 to 140 degrees) once a week to kill dust mites. Freezing bedding overnight will also destroy the mites
Follow proper housekeeping measures to keep your house clean
Pay attention to pollen counts. Try to stay indoors when the pollen count is highest, generally during early morning hours. Levels are lower in late afternoons and after a soaking shower of rain
In houses maintain humidity above 50 degrees
Limit exposure to smoke during pregnancy, breastfeeding and after delivery.
Common Anti Allergy Medicines:
The common anti-allergy medicines are available online, from where you can buy your medications very easily. The common anti-allergy drugs are:
Myths and Facts:
Myth: Children outgrow allergies
Fact: it is partially true because, some children may outgrow allergies to eggs, wheat, and cow’s milk, but allergies to peanut, tree nuts and fish could remain lifelong.
Myth: allergies are not life-threatening
Fact: In severe cases, an allergic reaction like an anaphylactic attack can rarely take life.
Diagnosis of Allergy:
If you have an allergy, you should tell your doctor about the symptoms you are having, the time when they happen, how often they occur and what seems to trigger them. Then your doctor may conduct out tests to identify the allergen that is causing your symptoms. The type of test you are presented will depend on your symptoms, the condition of your skin and any medicines you are taking along with it.
The common test includes:
Skin prick test
The test is the first test that is done while looking for an allergen. The skin is pricked with a small amount of the suspected allergen to see if there is a reaction. If there is, then the skin around the prick will very quickly become itchy, red, and swollen.
This testing is considered very safe and can be used for any age group, including babies as the test introduces such a tiny amount of allergen into the skin. It is not suitable if you have severe eczema or if you are taking any antihistamines.
This test is the very apt way of measuring the of IgE antibodies in your blood that is produced by your immune system in response to a suspected allergen. The results are given on a scale from zero to six.
Zero =negative result
Six =extremely high sensitivity.
Blood tests are predominantly useful when you are at risk of an extreme reaction or when a rare allergen is suspected.
The test is utilized to find an allergen causing eczema. A small amount of the suspected allergen is added to special metal discs, which are then taped to your skin for 48 hours and monitored for discs. This test is mostly carried out at a dermatology (skin) department in a hospital.
Treatment for Allergy:
Most allergic reactions are mild to moderate and do not require medicinal treatment. However, a small number of people may experience anaphylaxis which requires immediate life-saving treatment. Allergens that could trigger episodes of anaphylaxis that include insects, foods, and medications. People with severe anaphylaxis reaction should take immediate medical help. Treatment of allergy is based on the area affected and severity of an allergy to give symptomatic relief. The symptoms of allergy could be easily controlled with prescription allergy pills:
Antihistamines- These anti-allergic medicines work by blocking the histamine chemical released from mast cells, reducing allergic symptoms. The oral variety includes Allegra, Deslor, Montair LC Kid etc. Antihistamines are also available in the form of eye drops and nasal sprays.
Intranasal corticosteroid nasal sprays- The nasal medication is effective in treating allergic rhinitis when used correctly. For a stronger dose of corticosteroid nasal spray, a prescription may be needed for providing the best effects. Winolap nasal spray, Ciplox TZ, comes under corticosteroid nasal sprays.
Eye drops- Medicated eye drops such as Olopat 0.1% can help reduce inflammation and swelling in the eyes. For more information, consult your health care provider.
Combination therapies- Combination therapy often include antihistamine and intranasal corticosteroid for the treatment of moderate to severe allergic rhinitis and offer properties of both the pharmaceutical ingredients. You can buy these anti-allergy medications online from various reputed pharmacies.
Steps to improve health:
If you get an allergic reaction, then you must understand that your body is fighting hard against an unwanted foreign allergen. So, you must be well prepared to ease allergic reactions. For example:
To fight the minor symptoms like redness and rashes, you can use ice or OTC creams or corticosteroid products.
You should increase your awareness of the symptoms of different kind of allergic reactions.
For insect stings, you can remove the stringer by brushing motion and thoroughly washing the area with soap and water.
Stock your first aid box with OTC antihistamines, pain relievers and topical treatments.
Important things to know:
In case of extreme allergic reactions like Anaphylaxis, you should call for help immediately.
Minor allergic reactions can be safely treated at home with OTC drugs.
If you develop an allergy, see your health care specialist. In severe conditions, you will be referred to an allergy specialist for further assessment.