About prostate gland and bladder prostate problem:
The prostate gland is a gland found in man only. It is a walnut-sized gland that forms a major part of the male reproductive system. It sits below the neck of the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The prostate makes a milky fluid that forms a part of semen; it feeds and protects the sperms. Many men experience many urinary changes as they start aging, these changes may be caused by the inflammation or the enlargement of the prostate gland. The enlargement of the prostate, however, does not always cause urinary problems. The troublesome urinary problem is rarely a symptom of prostate cancer. The prostate gets bigger gradually after the age of about 50. By the age of 90, about 9 in 10 men have an enlarged prostate gland.
The common prostate problems and its causes:
• prostate enlargement or benign prostate hyperplasia:
This problem starts with aging in men from about 40 years of age, and one in four men needs surgery for the problem; however this problem does not lead to cancer
it occurs in the young men. It’s the swelling in the prostate gland; it may occur due to bladder infection
• Prostate cancer:
It occurs without any warning signs. The doctor may find it with the help of a blood test called psa, along with a check up of your prostate. It is the most common cancer in men, and you are more likely to get it as we age.
Symptoms of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH):
The most common symptoms of bph are as follows:
• inability to urinate
• incomplete emptying of bladder
• dribbling at the end of urinating
• pain with urination or bloody urine (may indicate infection)
• slowed or delayed start of the urinary stream
• straining to urinate
• need to go to urinate again soon after urinating
• weak urine stream
These indications are however not deadly, yet the doctor must be consulted if you find any difficulty.
The possible complications:
• Sometimes the urine may be retained in the bladder causing urinary retention. It can be very uncomfortable and may be due to urinary infection. This situation is called chronic retention
• Contrary to the belief, men with a benign prostate enlargement are no more or less likely to develop prostate cancer than those without benign prostate enlargement. Cancer of the prostate is a separate condition.
Having a vitamin and mineral rich diet can prevent enlarged prostate gland problems, you can include the following in your daily diet:
1. Zinc found in oysters, pumpkin seeds, almonds and adzuki beans
2. Salmon, rich in omega-3 fatty acids. You can get omega three fatty acids from walnuts, canola oil, kidney beans and ground flax seeds.
3. Vitamin c that is obtainable from vegetables like kale, brussels, sprouts, and broccoli, etc.
4. Tomato and tomato products
5. Avocados, abundant in beta sitosterol
6. Green leafy vegetables etc.
Myths and facts:
Myth: kegel exercises are for women only
Fact: kegel exercises are urinary muscle strengthening exercises and can be performed by both males and females along with bladder prostate medicines, these exercises are helpful in the treatment of bph etc.
Myth: prostate cancer is an old man’s disease
Fact: although it is more common in males over 65 years, you can find prostate cancer in males below 50 and 40 years of age also.
Common medicines used:
The common medicines used for the treatment bladder prostate problems etc. Are available on www.alldaychemist.com . You can buy these bladder prostate products online, from alldaychemist.com:
Prazopress - 2mg
Terol - 1mg
Alfusin - 10mg
Urimax - 0.4 mg
Veltam f - 0.4 mg + 5 mg
Calutide - 50mg
Diagnosis: the test for bladder prostate varies from patient to patient, but the common are:
1. Digital rectal examination (dre): in this test that is done, first of all, the doctor inserts a gloved finger in the rectum to get a feel of the prostate. This helps the doctor to get an idea about the size and shape of the prostate gland
2. Prostate-specific antigen (psa) blood test: psa is a protein produced by prostate gland, and the antigen test is done to rule out any chances of prostate cancer
3. Rectal ultrasound and prostate biopsy: done to check whether the pain and discomfort are due to cancer or tumor
4. Urine flow study: to estimate the rate at which urine is passed
5. Cystoscopy: this test allows the doctor to determine the size of the gland and identify the location and degree of the obstruction.
Some researchers force it that the treatment must be done in the early stage when the gland is enlarged mildly. If the condition begins to pose a danger to the patient's health or causes a major inconvenience to him, treatment is usually recommended.
A. Drug treatment:
The fda has approved six drugs to relieve the symptoms enlarged prostate namely:
• finasteride (1992)
• terazosin (1993)
• doxazosin (1995)
• tamusulosin (1997)
• dutasteride (2001)
• alfuzosin (2003)
1. Alpha blockers:
These medicines work by relaxing the smooth muscle of the prostate and bladder neck.it can improve the flow of urine. Examples are alfuzosin and tamsulosin. There are various side effects. The most common side-effects are slight drowsiness, headaches, and dizziness.
2. 5-alpha reductase inhibitor medicines:
These work by blocking the conversion of the hormone testosterone to dihydrotestosterone in the prostate. These are alternatives to alpha-blockers. There are two drugs: finasteride and dutasteride.
Combinations of medicines:
In some cases, a combination of an alpha-blocker plus a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor is used. This may give quicker and better relief of symptoms than either alone. An example is tamusulosin + finasteride. These bladder prostate medicines are available online also, you can buy the bladder prostate medicines online from alldaychemist.com.
B. Minimally invasive therapy:
Because the medicine is not effective all the time to treat this problem there are various other non-invasive therapies also like:
• Transurethral microwave procedures
• Transurethral needle ablation
• Water-induced thermotherapy
• High-intensity focused ultrasound
The first two above-given treatments have an fda approval also.
C. Surgical methods:
• This method is applied when the symptoms are very troublesome and if the medicines are of no help. There are various surgical methods available to remove the prostate gland. Some of the common ones are:
• Transurethral resection of the prostate
• Transurethral incision of the prostate
• Open prostatectomy
• Laser prostatectomy
Steps to improve life:
Making some lifestyle changes can surely help to control the symptoms of an enlarged prostate:
• Limited tea and coffee in the evening and no beverage for an hour or two before bedtime should be maintained.
• Limit the decongestants and antihistamines.
• Don’t try to retain the urine and go whenever you feel.
• Stay active throughout the day.
• Stay warm as the colder condition causes urine retention and increase your urgency to urinate again.
• Tell your doctor if you are taking diuretic; don’t stop without telling the doctor about the same.
• Do not do any heavy lifting.
• Eat healthy balanced diet to avoid constipation
Important things to know:
• Consume lots of pumpkin and watermelon seeds
• Cornsilk is known to have proven beneficial against bph
• Include fish in diet like tuna and salmon containing beneficial omega three fatty acids
• Drink eight glasses of water per day