Many types of treatments are available for different skin types. The most common melasma therapies include Tri-luma cream; the topical preparation is extremely useful in lightening the skin and is less irritating.
Melasma is a common skin disorder of adults, and brown patches of pigmentation characterize the condition usually develop on the face. The skin condition is more common in women, particularly during the time of pregnancy. During pregnancy, almost 50% of women may be affected by melasma. Sometimes, men may also get melasma patches on their face. The condition is more likely to affect people who tend to tan quickly. The brown patches of melasma usually become more noticeable in the summer season and improve in winters. Still, the exact cause of the condition is not known, but it is believed that melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells produce too much melanin (a pigment that gives colour to the skin). Several factors can contribute to the development of melasma, and these include pregnancy, usage of hormonal drugs, and hormonal replacement therapy. In rare cases, other medical conditions that affect hormonal production in the body, such as thyroid problems may also give rise to melasma. Furthermore, medications such as anti-epileptics may contribute to developing melasma. Exposure to UV rays of the sun can trigger melasma and make the condition worse.
Melasma appears as dark spots and patches affecting the cheeks, nose, forehead, chin, and upper lip. The skin condition may also affect other areas of the body. There is no cure for melasma, but there are several treatment options that may improve the appearance. Melasma patches disappear on its own. This usually happens when the reason behind melasma is a pregnancy or usage of birth control pills. Once a woman delivers a baby or discontinues using birth control pills, melasma can fade. Some people have melasma for years or even a lifetime. In cases where melasma does not go away, or women who wish to keep taking the birth control pills can use melasma treatments. A variety of topical preparation is available to treat the dark spots caused by melasma.
Skin Lightening Cream
When it comes to treating melasma, hydroquinone is a popular name. Hydroquinone is a topical pharmaceutical ingredient which is considered useful in treating melasma. Tri-luma cream is an effective topical preparation for melasma that contains hydroquinone as one of the active ingredients along with two others, namely tretinoin, and fluocinolone acetonide. The combination of medicine should be applied once daily at night. Apply Tri-luma 15 gm cream at least half an hour before bedtime. The topical medication may interact with antibiotics, sulfa drugs, phenothiazines, diuretics, hormone replacement therapy, or birth control pills. Use the melasma formulation under the supervision of a health care specialist. Tri-luma 15 gm cream is for pregnant women, so the benefits and risks of using melasma cream during pregnancy should be discussed.
Skin affected by melasma looks darker than the surrounding skin when exposed to light, so sun avoidance is essential. If you can’t completely avoid the sun, sun protection is a must. The first step towards the worsening of melasma is protecting yourself from ultraviolet radiation. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen lotion, wearing a wide-brimmed hat whenever you go outside. The higher the SPF, the more protective benefits you will be witnessing. Avoid using sun tanning booths and beds. Protecting your skin from the harmful rays of the sun will make the melasma treatment more effective.
You may have melasma if you have brown patches of skin on your face. You can visit a dermatologist to confirm a diagnosis and receive treatment. Be patient during melasma treatment, and it may take months before you see results. No doubt treatment is the best option, but prevention is the key.
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