Birth Control Pills

If you want to prevent pregnancy, it is important to take your birth control pill every day. Like all other medications, birth control pills can have side effects along with the benefits. However, it mostly goes away after a few months. Many women use the pill with no problems at all. Keep tracking the negative effects of the birth control pill and discuss with your gynaecologist.

Nowadays, people are more reluctant to have a single child rather than to have many. And to control that birth process, they either use condoms or birth control pills (contraceptives or oral contraceptives).

Birth control pills (Contraceptive or oral contraceptives) are the save guards for those who either not willing to get a child or to have safe sex. The birth control pills are also known as the Pill is a hormone-based method of preventing pregnancy. Using the pill means no eggs are produced, and there is no chance of pregnancy.

When taken correctly, meaning no missed periods, it is extremely beneficial in preventing pregnancy with 99% effectiveness. It mostly fails to work when women do forget doses.

Birth control pill has effect and side effect; let’s discuss the effect of the birth control pill first.

Apart from preventing pregnancy, birth control pills have many other advantages also, which includes menstrual cramps, lighten periods, lower risk of ectopic pregnancy with the combination of both, i.e.  Synthetic estragon and progestin.

The combination of estrogen and progesterone birth control pill safeguard or reduce:

  1. Bone thinning
  2. Endometrial and ovarian cancer
  3. Acne
  4. Cysts in your breast and ovaries
  5. Iron deficiency

Every medication, including birth control pills, has a side effect. But most of them don’t last for more than 2 -3 months. The minor side effects of birth control pills which include nausea, breast tenderness, weight gain, headache and migraine, intermenstrual spotting, mood change, missed periods, vaginal discharge. In a study, it is shown that the birth control pill can also have a long-term effect like:

  • Cancer risk: Female hormones that occur naturally, i.e. estragon has a chance of women developing some cancer.  These include cancer of the ovaries or breast.
  • Cardiovascular attacks: Effect of birth control pills are seen on the heart. Also, anyone who has uncontrollable high blood pressure or has a genetic issue can experience a heart attack, stroke.

Birth control pills are the life-saving drugs for women, but it is also important to keep proper record and to take birth control pill regularly. Birth control pill can help you prevent pregnancy, but it will not help from sexual infection. Those who are sexually active should always go for other means of protection such as condom which can certainly protect one from sexually transmitted diseases. There is a warning for actively smoking females that taking the birth control pill can put their life on risk; a combination of progestin and estrogen can cause serious heart associated side effect. Women ages 35 years and above should not take the pill without asking their health care specialist as it can increase the risk of stroke and other heart diseases.

Also Read: Benefits of Birth Control Pills beyond Preventing Pregnancy

Birth Control Pill While Pregnancy

Will continue to take the birth control pill have a negative effect on your developing baby?  Fortunately, no evidence shows that birth control pills will hurt the baby during pregnancy. However, it is quite a good thought to stop taking the birth control pill immediately you discover you are pregnant.

Most research suggests taking contraceptive pills during initial weeks of pregnancy may not adversely affect the developing baby, therefore you need not to worry. According to the U.S FDA reports, there is no evidence that taking contraceptive pills during early pregnancy could harm the baby in any way, either by causing congenital disabilities or other complications. There has not been a lot of research on this topic because medical ethics don’t allow to place a mother or her unborn child at risk. Most of the data come from research comparing pregnant women who took combination contraceptive pills or progestin-only pills during initial days of pregnancy against those who haven’t.

According to the CDC report, taking the progestin-only pills during early pregnancy have been shown to increase the risk of a birth defect like hypospadias in boys where the opening of the urethra is not present at the tip of the reproductive organ (penis).

Play safe!

Researchers and doctors still not advised you to continue taking birth control pills once the pregnancy is confirmed. In the end, every medicine that you take consumed by your child too. If you think you may be pregnant, the first step that should be taken by you is a home-based pregnancy test. Do as soon as you can do to get the accurate results. Make sure you don’t take a pregnancy test too early as this way you are more likely to get false results. If you get positive results after the test, immediately stop taking the birth control pills. However, if your results are negative, you can continue using contraceptive pills since the pregnancy status is ruled out.

So, if you suspect you have conceived, take a pregnancy test as soon as possible and be assured. A pregnancy test will let you know if you are carrying a baby.

Miscarriage Myths

Many women believe that continuous use of birth control pills during pregnancy may lead to miscarriage, which is not true. There has been no evidence to suggest this. The hormones in the contraceptive pill thicken the cervical mucus to prevent the entry of sperm to the uterus, stops ovulation and prevent the thickening of the uterus lining to support implantation. Neither of them contributes to a miscarriage. Some even believe that using birth control pill once the pregnancy is confirmed leads to the spontaneous termination of your pregnancy. This is again a false myth. Birth control pills have not been shown to effect once the implantation has occurred. Several medications are available to end the pregnancy. Such medications are considered a form of medical abortion. These medications are got the FDA approval in the year 2000.

Also Read: Best Birth Control Tips for Travelers

Risk of miscarriage with IUD

You might have complications if you get pregnant with an intrauterine device (IUD). According to research studies, those women who heft their IUD in during pregnancy are more likely to have a miscarriage. Furthermore, the condition may also lead to preterm birth in some cases. Therefore, it is wise to remove UID if you find yourself pregnant and decide to carry the baby. Timely removal of IUD can reverse these risks.


It is rare to get pregnant while following the course of contraceptive pills, but it is still possible in some cases. If you wish to prevent unwanted pregnancy, be sure to take the pill every day at the same time. Exercise caution when taking any other medications, supplements, and other herbal products that may decrease the effectiveness of your pills and prefer using another birth control method if necessary. If you have been kept on using contraceptive pills while you were unknowingly pregnant, don’t worry. There is no hard evidence till now that can suggest that using birth control pills will have an adverse effect on the developing baby. However, women are advised not to take any oral pills or use contraceptive methods after pregnancy is confirmed and visit a gynecologist to begin proper prenatal care.

Benefits of Birth Control Pills beyond Preventing Pregnancy

Birth control pills have been in the medical industry for 50 years. The oral form of contraception is very popular and highly successful among women. Its benefits of preventing unplanned pregnancies are not hidden from any women. But that’s not all. Your physician may also prescribe these pills for reasons other than preventing pregnancy. These wonder pills are also known to have some positive effects on different aspects of your health. The pills carry progestin and synthetic estrogen that are considered helpful in other health conditions as well. The non-contraceptive benefits of these birth control pills are so important that many patients are looking for the pills for those reasons.

Birth Control Pills to Prevent Pregnancy

The birth control pill is an excellent means of contraception and is the most commonly used contraceptive measures worldwide. It is one of the most effective methods that women can adapt to prevent pregnancy. If you follow the instructions and use it the right way, it offers great protection against pregnancy. The method of birth control uses hormones to prevent pregnancy. The pill has the potential to change a woman’s natural hormone levels and prevent her ovaries from releasing an egg each month.

Benefits of Birth Control Pills beyond Preventing Pregnancy

The cervix (a neck of tissue that joins the vagina and uterus) also produces thick mucus, making it harder for the sperm to enter into the uterus. The lining of the womb becomes thinner so that the fertilized egg would not stay in the uterus. There are two types of contraceptive pills:

Also Read: Protect your teenage child from binge drinking

  • Combination pills- These pills contain two hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone. These are meant to be taken daily to prevent pregnancy. They act by keeping the ovaries from releasing eggs as well as prevent sperm from meeting with the egg. A combination pill is the best birth control pill used to prevent pregnancy.
  • Progestin-only pills- As the name suggests, it contains only one hormone, Progestin causes the lining of the uterus to thin.

The oral contraceptive pill is the best birth control method that has been used by a large number of population all over the world.

Benefits of Birth Control Pills

There are multiple health benefits of taking the birth control pill. Young women and adolescents often prescribe birth control pills to treat menstrual cramps, irregular or absent menstrual periods, polycystic ovary syndrome, primary ovarian insufficiency, and endometriosis. The contraceptive pill reduces the risk of ovarian cysts, ovarian and uterine cancer, ectopic pregnancy, and rheumatoid arthritis. When you take birth control pills, your periods are regular and less painful. A lot of good stuff comes along with the contraceptive pills.

Here are a few benefits of birth control pills:

  • The regular intake of contraceptive pill improves the problem of acne and hirsutism in women. The medicine suppresses androgens and testosterone. Abnormally high level of androgen is present in most of the women with acne vulgaris. These elevated levels of androgens in the body may cause darkening of the facial hair and body hair, especially on the abdomen, chin, and chest. The hormone present in the pills prevents the formation of acne.
  • Birth control pills greatly reduce the incidence rate of menstrual cramps. When over the counter medications are failed to treat severe cramps, contraceptive pills may be the solution because they prevent ovulation and make periods lighter than ever. The heavy and irregular bleeding patterns are also improved in pill users.
  • The medicine is also prescribed for the treatment of endometriosis, a health condition in which the tissue that forms the lining of the uterus is found outside the womb. Most girls with endometriosis experience pelvic pain during their menses. Contraceptive pills work by temporarily preventing periods.
  • The risk of developing cysts in the ovary is greatly reduced in women using birth control pills. An ovarian cyst form in the ovary during ovulation. The medicine works by preventing the release of the egg from the ovary (ovulation). It is important to take preventive measures since the size of the ovarian cysts may increase, or even burst, and may require surgery.
  • Fibrocystic changes are less common in pill users than nonusers. These changes occur when the milk-producing glands in the breasts become thick and form a non-cancerous lump, causing discomfort, and sometimes surgical interventions. Some pill users observe fullness in the breasts and mild tenderness.
  • The birth control pills protect against ovarian and endometrial cancer. It is considered to be the most important health benefits of the medicine. Using the pill continuously for one year decrease the chances of occurring endometrial cancer. The risk of developing cancer of the ovary is reduced with only 3 to 6 months of use.
  • Contraceptive pills have been found to reduce the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease. The regular use of pills thickens cervical mucus to prevent bacteria from entering the cervix. However, other contraceptive measures like condoms provide more effective protection against gonorrhea and chlamydia, which are common causes of pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Oral contraceptives also reduce the risk of ectopic pregnancy, which occurs when a fertilized egg develops outside the womb, often inside one of the tubes.

Also Read: Women’s Hormones & Dental Issues

These health benefits apply to women throughout their reproductive life. The birth control pills may or may not be suitable for you. If you think, it might be appropriate for you to treat any of the conditions mentioned above, be sure to discuss with your health care specialist. These benefits can have a long-term impact on the health even after discontinuation of the pill.

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