conjunctivitis treatment

The allergic attack on the eyes, or say allergic conjunctivitis, is very common in the people of different age groups. You must have proper knowledge of allergic conjunctivitis treatment, especially when we are surrounded by a lot of environmental pollens.
Though it’s easy to diagnose, but if you show any lethargy towards the eyes, then it can be problematic too.

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Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones of the body become very weak and fragile. This article will help you to know more about osteoporosis and osteoporosis medications.

Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones that can affect life. Millions of women around the world already are suffering from or are at risk of osteoporosis. This disease can cause severe pain and discomfort in the whole body.


Bones: Bones are made up of collagen protein, calcium, and minerals. The inner structure of the bone is made up of the mesh of trabecular bones that look like the honeycomb. Bone cells keep on changing throughout the life where the old and worn out cells called osteoclasts are replaced by osteoblasts or the new bone cells. In childhood, the complete renewal of the skeleton takes places in two years while as we age the process slows down to as low as ten years.

Bones affected due to Osteoporosis:

Although osteoporosis affects all bones of the body, yet the common fragile bones are of regions like hips, wrists, and vertebrae (or spine). If osteoporosis hit the vertebral region, then it can create several problems in females as any fracture in this area can cause hindrance in the day to day activities.

Some common signs of osteoporosis are:

  • Slanting shoulders
  • Back pain
  • Loss of height
  • The curve in the back
  • Bent/hunched posture
  • Protruding abdomen

Also Read: How to Deal with Stress in a Scientific Manner

Risk factors of getting Osteoporosis:

There are some risk factors that can control your chances of getting osteoporosis. Some of these factors can be controlled while others cannot be controlled:

  1. Old age or over 65 years of age
  2. Being female
  3. Menopause stage in women
  4. The family history of osteoporosis
  5. Having a small and thin body
  6. Having a disorder like arthritis, premature menopause, type I diabetes and anorexia nervosa can trigger osteoporosis
  7. Less exercise and less activity
  8. Females who are not getting regular menstrual periods
  9. The long-term use of antacids, anti-seizure, cancer treatment, and asthma medications, etc. can trigger osteoporosis
  10. Too much of smoking and alcohol consumption

Consequences of Osteoporosis:

Having osteoporosis doesn’t mean that your bones will break automatically. Instead, osteoporosis is a condition where the chances of your bone fracture are more during a fall or an injury. It is because, after the age of around 35, bone loss increases (in the form of calcium, collagen, and other minerals. It leads to osteoporosis and increased the risk of bone fracture.


There are some tests that are used to verify the presence of the condition of osteoporosis. One of the tests is DXA or Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry. This test is used to take a high definition X-ray of your bones. This test can:

  1. Check the bone strength
  2. Diagnose if you have osteoporosis or whether you are likely to break a bone or not
  3. Check if the treatments are doing good to your bones or not

Treatment of Osteoporosis:

Treatment option includes osteoporosis medications (on the recommendation by a doctor), a balanced diet rich in Vitamin D and calcium, daily exercise, and a healthy lifestyle change. Before taking any drug for the treatment, you must always take advice from your doctor. Some of the approved osteoporosis medications are:

  • Bisphosphonates:

These are used for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. These drugs can help to build bone mass.

  • Selective estrogen receptor modulators or (SERMS):

They are also used for treatment and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. They work by slowing the rate of bone loss.

  • Calcitonin:

It is a natural hormone that is helpful in the prevention of loss of bone calcium Apart from these medications for osteoporosis your doctor may also recommend therapies such as:

  • Menopausal hormone therapy
  • Parathyroid hormonal therapy

Ways to prevent osteoporosis:

Many times being a woman you might wonder if osteoporosis can be prevented. There are many ways to keep your bone healthy and strong and slow down the process of bone loss.

Nutrition: Along with osteoporosis medications, a healthy diet rich in nutrients, calcium, and vitamin D is very necessary to ensure bone health. Many women ignore this thing, and their total calcium uptake is less than half of what is required by the body.

Here is the daily calcium requirement chart:

Age Milligrams (mg) per day 9-18 1300 19-50 1000 51 and older 1200

Rich sources of calcium include tofu, milk, spinach, beans, and yogurt.

Daily Vitamin-D requirement chart:

Age International Units (IU) Per day 19-70 600 71+ 800

Although very less amount of vitamin D is available from food, yet some sources of vitamin D are cooked salmon, milk and egg yolk.

Exercise: It is one of the major bone strength developers. You can develop strong bones and muscles by doing weight-bearing activities that work against gravity like yoga, weight lifts, walking, jogging, and climbing stairs, etc.

Learn to manage stress: If you are stressed, you probably have high levels of cortisol levels. The high level of cortisol for long periods may contribute to bone loss. Therefore, it is necessary to include specific activities for stress reduction in your daily routine. These activities include meditation, yoga, prayer, and massage. Taking a vacation, and getting psychotherapy to help with disturbed relationships can assist you with stress reduction.

Get enough sleep: A research study found that men and women over the age of 50 who slept less than six hours are at high risk of osteoporosis. Adults are required to sleep for 7 to 8 hours to awaken refreshed.

Preventing falls: Falls can break bones. You can prevent falls by following simple household precautionary measures like putting grab bars on bathroom walls, using carpet runners on slippery floors, adding more light to the room, etc.

Also Read: Green Tea: Amazing Health benefits You Never Knew About!


Osteoporosis is a major problem among women these days, however, if they take proper care of themselves, they can surely prevent the consequences and pains one has to face during osteoporotic fractures. We should not be ignorant about our bone health and should take appropriate steps to improve our health before it’s too late.

Smoking suring pregnancy

Cigarette smoke is toxic and contains numerous chemical compounds, among those, some are known to be the poisonous ones like cyanide, lead, and some are believed to be cancer-causing compounds. Moreover, second-hand smoke is also dangerous to breathe, whether you are a smoker or a non-smoker. The risk is even greater in pregnant women because these poisonous chemicals can have a bad impact on the health of your unborn child. Read to learn more about how cigarette smoking affects both mother and developing child she is carrying and what are the effects of smoking during pregnancy.

Why is it hazardous to smoke during pregnancy?

Tobacco smoking during pregnancy is considered extremely harmful, not only for the mother but for the developing child also. Because of the ill effects of smoking during pregnancy the expectant mothers are suggested to avoid both active and passive smoking.

Smoking suring pregnancy

The ill effects of smoking are this high that smoking is now one of the biggest causes of death and illness in the UK. Smoking and pregnancy don’t mix at all. By smoking the mother not only puts her health at risk, but she pushes her developing baby towards unnecessary health dangers. When a pregnant mother smokes during pregnancy, the toxic smoke gets into the blood, your baby only requires oxygen and nutrients to grow healthy. Quitting smoking can make a huge difference in your baby’s life. You must be aware of the fact that smoking affects almost every body part.

Cigarettes, cigars, hookah all contain dangerous levels of tobacco products that can pose a threat to the young life breathing inside the mother’s womb. Cigarettes contain about 600 different detrimental ingredients. According to the report of the American Lung Association about 7000 chemicals, are produced in the cigarettes when it burns and 69 of them can cause cancer.

Here are the dangers that expecting mothers/ladies who smoke and those who are trying to get pregnant may possess:

  1. Woman’s fertility is hampered:

It is a stark truth that those women who are trying to conceive but are addicted to smoking, find it difficult to get pregnant as smoking dramatically reduce the fertility of both men and women. More than 60 percent of women who smoke are likely to be infertile than women who do not smoke at all.

  1. Miscarriage and stillbirth:

Miscarriage is one of the shocking and tragic events that can happen in a woman’s life. Miscarriages are that tragic loss of pregnancy in the first three months of pregnancy. But in some rare cases, loss of the pregnancy can occur after 20 weeks of gestation. This condition is called stillbirth. These two can be the effect of smoking during pregnancy.

  1. Ectopic pregnancy:

An ectopic pregnancy is yet another consequence of maternal smoking during pregnancy. In this kind of pregnancy the fertilized embryo implants outside the uterus anywhere in the fallopian tube or in the abdomen. It is because nicotine can cause contractions in the fallopian tube and prevent the embryo to move into the uterus. An ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition to the mother, and the ectopic embryo must be removed to save the mother’s life.

Also Read: How To Tackle Infertility

  1. Placental abruption:

The placenta is the structure that forms after implantation of the embryo in the uterus to provide oxygen and nutrients to the fetus. The placenta is an important structure until childbirth, but in several conditions involving mothers smoking during pregnancy, placental abruption can occur very easily. Placental abruption is a condition when the placenta separates from the uterus before the childbirth, and this may cause severe bleeding and life threat to the child as well as the mother.

  1. Placenta previa:

It is the condition that occurs one in 200 pregnancy cases. In normal cases, placenta gradually moves upward away from the cervix to allow the natural opening for childbirth, but if the parents, especially mother smoke during pregnancy, then the placenta may partially or completely cover the cervix. Such condition is called placenta prevail which can cause excessive bleeding and deprive the fetus of oxygen and nutrition.

  1. Birth defects:

It is yet another harmful aspect of mothers smoking during pregnancy. In about 20-70% cases where expectant mothers smoke, congenital defects like heart problems, cleft lip, cleft palate, etc. are found to occur in the child.

  1. Low Birth Weight:

Smoking during pregnancy is associated with the lower birth weight of the child. Low birth weight doesn’t just mean to deliver a small baby, but it means that the newborn might be suffering from serious health conditions like mental retardation, cerebral palsy, or some vision/ hearing ailments.

  1. Brain function problems:

Smoking during pregnancy can have a long-term effect on the child’s brain. It is reported that the children of smokers are likely to have the behavioral disorder or relatively low IQ.


Remember motherhood is not only a heavenly experience, but it is also a responsibility. If you are a smoker or in case the people around you smoke, then you should discourage smoking in any way to protect yourself and your child from the harmful effects of smoking while pregnant. Every cigarette you smoke amplifies the risks to your pregnancy. There are many smoking cessation programs that can help you to quit smoking.

Also Read: Green Tea: Amazing Health benefits You Never Knew About!

carb blockers

Carbohydrates are the powerhouse of energy. However, too much of carbohydrate in a diet may pile up unnecessary calories. In such a situation, Carb blockers for weight loss may prove beneficial.

Carb blockers:

Carb blockers or carbohydrate blockers are dietary supplements that keep the starches and the calories found in the searches away from the body by keeping the starch undigested.

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foods to avoids during pregnancy

Pregnancy is a beautiful phase of a woman’s life and whatever she eats directly affects the health of the child she is bearing. Hence, expecting ladies are provided a long list of the foods to avoid during pregnancy.

While you are expecting, even the simplest everyday foods and beverages get a new meaning altogether because some foods that you consume may be harmful or dangerous to the developing baby.

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protect yourself from aging

Our body, its health and our living style are all correlated. Ageing is the reflection of our bad dietary habits. Switch to a healthy lifestyle tips that doubles as Anti-ageing tips to take care of your skin.
As you age, you may find wrinkles on skin, your skin may start losing its elasticity, it might become paler, and blood vessels might also become visible.

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