Physical medicine and rehabilitation is a process that helps in restoring movement and function to the people who are disabled by any disease or injury. For physical medicine and rehabilitation, physicians are there to form therapy plans that consider the special needs, abilities, and objectives of each patient.
They work together with a team of physical therapists, occupational therapists, and other rehabilitation professionals so that they can create a treatment plan that will cure disabilities. They also provide treatment methods that consist physical techniques like heat or ice, acupuncture, and other exercises to make function better.
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Place for Rehabilitation
People can have rehabilitation at many places. It usually begins while they are in the hospital, recovering from an illness or injury. Sometimes it starts before the planned surgery. Once the patient is discharged from the hospital, treatment continues at a special inpatient rehabilitation center.
Apart from the hospital, therapies are also done in a skilled nursing facility or rehabilitation center. Many people who are recovering eventually go home and continue with the therapy either at provider’s office or at some other place. You may visit the doctor and other health professionals. Sometimes, a therapist will make visits to your home. Family members or other caregivers must also be available to assist.
Rehabilitation goal is to make people aware of taking care of themselves. Especially, the daily tasks like eating, bathing, using the bathroom and moving from a wheelchair to a bed are the purpose. There are times when the aim is actually challenging, like restoring full function to one or more parts of the body. The experts use many tests to find out a person’s problems and record their progress. A full rehabilitation program and treatment plan may be required to help with medical, physical, social, emotional, and work-related problems. Family and caregivers also have to adjust to their loved one’s situation and know where to find ways and means in the community.
The Rehabilitation Team
Physical medicine and rehabilitation is a team approach, i.e., doctors, other health professionals, the patient, and their family being a part of the team works for the earliest recovery of the patient. Physiatrists are the doctors who opted training of four or additional years for rehabilitation care after their medical school. There are other doctors also such as neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, psychiatrists and primary care doctors.
When you are in a position to find help for a particular dysfunction, then you need to opt for inpatient or outpatient therapy as per your requirements. Both the programs have their own pros and cons. It’s mandatory to examine all the aspects of the recovery process and also your own personal needs while opting for the disabilities treatment.
Inpatient Addiction Rehab
People seeking recovery from any of the addiction opts for care in an inpatient rehab program. In inpatient addiction rehab, the patient is required to reside at the center for treatment. Generally, the term of this treatment program is from 28 to 90 days varying as per the requirements of the patient.
At the start of the recovery process, many will undergo an inpatient detoxification before the beginning of addiction treatment term. These programs initiate with the structured detoxification program into their treatment protocol. In these programs, medicines are required to make the withdrawal procedure easier, especially in cases where dependency is high.
However, medication isn’t used in all the cases. In the case of any queries about the detoxification process, you should talk to the program staff. After it is done, treatment must continue. The target now is to flourish the skills to stay sober for a longer duration with the help of counseling sessions, therapy, and education about addiction and recovery procedure.
Outpatient Addiction Rehab
This treatment allows patients to stay at their own convenience at other than treatment hours, letting them continue to work or school and their ability to accomplish other personal tasks. Recovering individuals go for the group and individual therapy sessions weekly, and can visit a psychiatrist if needed for medication so that carvings or prevailing mental health issues can be dealt with. The treatment provided in this kind of facility is similar to that provided in an inpatient treatment center but is somewhat less original. This program requires the following therapies:
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – It helps participants to understand their unhealthy thoughts and behaviors and also give strategies to make them better.
- Contingency Management– It is an incentive based therapy. It rewards patients so that they make regular behaviors such as attending therapy or maintaining sobriety a habit.
- Motivational Interviewing – It is helpful for finding out and eliminating the feelings that might be a hurdle in the treatment.
- Matrix Model– In these, therapistsacts as a guide, aiming the treatment to be effective so that the addicted individual can regain the positive self-image and confidence.
- Multidimensional Family Therapy – These therapies makes families work better so that they can support and assist their loved one from addiction.
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The medical issues are not always treatable, but treatment helps to improve the quality of life. If you want a specialty treatment to make an effective change in the living style, a physical medicine and rehabilitation center is perfect to accomplish your particular need.