When you and your healthcare specialist find the best way to manage diabetes, you may get a lot of options to choose from. Insulin and other diabetes medications, including pills and shots can help your blood glucose level in a healthy range. So, which one best suits to you?
Here are some things that you and your physician will consider when you are deciding on a treatment for diabetes care.
Type of Diabetes – Are you suffering from type I or type II? Your type decides which drug you should take and the dosage you need to manage it. People with type I requires insulin to keep their sugar level under control because their bodies do not make enough of it. On the other hand, some people with type II diabetes may require insulin, but others can get their level down with better diet, more exercise, and different types of diabetes medications. Very few people need insulin during type II diabetes treatment.
Your blood glucose levels – If your levels stay too high for too long, you are at risk of complications of diabetes, like ocular symptoms or kidney impairment. Your physician may also add anther drug into your treatment plan or may increase your dose to get it to a healthy range.
For how long you have had diabetes – If you are suffering from this condition for more than ten years, it is possible that some diabetes medications may not help you. Your physician may change your treatment plan over time, because some medications get less effective the longer you take them.
Other health conditions – You might have other health conditions along with diabetes and this can affect how well your medications control your blood glucose, including:
- Kidney impairment
- Sleep apnea or other sleep problems
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- High cholesterol
Some diabetes medications may also helpful in treating other health conditions as well as lower the chances of having them. These include GLP-1 agonist drugs which not only help you control your sugar level but also make you feel fuller longer after you eat. This helps you lose extra pounds if you are overweight.
How active you are- It has been demonstrated that exercise can lower your blood sugar levels. It’s a good thing, but you need to involve into your diabetes treatment plan. Call your physician and inform him/her how much you move daily. You may require dose adjustment if you are more active in your daily life or at work.
If your drink alcohol – Alcohol can lower your blood glucose levels for hours, so it affects the mode of action of insulin or diabetes medications. You should inform your physician about your alcohol consumption how much you drink, or how frequently you drink, etc. You may need to take some additional steps to make sure that it does not disturb the working mechanism of your medications.
Fear of syringes – Insulin shots are a key for blood sugar control. If you can’t self-inject, you will not be able to use when you need them. Talk to your physician if you are afraid of syringes or don’t feel confident about injecting yourself. Ask your physician to give a demonstration of how an insulin is to be injected.