The best way to control asthma is by the carefully planned use of treatments and medicines. There are some excellent treatments available to ensure full recovery. The main aim of managing asthma is to give you control of your medical condition rather than letting the asthma disease control you. Besides taking your asthma medicines regularly, you lessen the symtoms by avoiding triggers that lead to the symptoms.
Specifically talking about asthma, it’s not that people with asthma are trying to dupe their doctor but the problem is with asthma itself. Asthma gives a false impression of recovery to the patient even when they are diagnosed unwell and that is why the patients are lulled into a false sense of security, because in case of asthma, it is hard to predict , asthma once supressed when it will outbreak next. It can be simply hours, days, weeks, or months.
When asthma attacks a person, the lining of the airway gets inflamed and it begins secreting more mucus rapidly hereby blocking or narrowing the airways, thus making breathing difficult. This disease is triggered by various factors like smoking cigarettes, strong odors, wood smoke, household cleaners, or inhaling certain substances like pollen, mites, or mold. Many people with asthma only see it flare up at certain times of the year. The factors that are responsible for triggering asthma decide the disease’s severity and persistence. For eg, if a person is suffering with seasonal asthma and is allergic to the pollens, will suffer from asthma during the early spring months.
Related: 9 Ways to Fight Asthma and Allergies
Generally asthma is categorised as Intermittent Asthma or Chronic Asthma. In Intermittent asthma, symptoms occur less than three times a week. Intermittent Asthma can occur by using only a short-acting or “rescue” inhaler when symptoms develop. However, chronic asthma refers to the underlying inflammation that is always present in the lungs of asthma patients. The degree of this inflammation is what determines the severity of your asthma. The best way of treating it is with asthma controller medicines, which are most commonly inhaled steroids. Patients need to take maintenance medication to reduce inflammation between attacks.
Effects of skipping medicines during the treatment
Skipping medications, even when you don’t have any symptoms, could mean more flare-ups and worsened asthma attacks. As in with asthma, there is inflammation associated with lungs that impede the lung function, so it is necessary to control this inflammation through continued use of anti-inflammatory maintenance medications. Corticosteroids in the medications are aimed at curing asthma and help prevent the inflammation and reduce the chances of an exacerbation. This exacerbation cannot be completely prevented, but the risk of severity can be minimised.
Take your steroids and prevent exacerbation: Maintenance Drugs
Few patients will go weeks or even months without a problem even if not taking maintenance medications. But doctors can’t always tell which patients fall into this category so it is recommended to follow your medications religiously. Not taking maintenance medications makes patients more vulnerable. Asthma takes place due to an inflammation in the airways and that inflammation doesn’t go even if you feel well. That inflammation is pretty much always there, and symptoms take place when a certain threshold is reached and that threshold is different for each person. This inflammation can be reduced by taking Anti-inflammatory medications. For treating asthma, anti-inflammatory steroids are used. These steroids should not be confused with the steroids taken by the athletes since both the classes are different. These steroids help in controlling asthma; they work by blocking the inflammation response in the lungs and decrease the inflammation over time. Although, steroids can’t stop symptoms once they start, yet they can prevent recurrence. Common steroids include Fluticasone, Budesonide, Beclomethasone, Ciclesonide and Mometasone. Some drugs are sold in combinations.
Skipping medication may trigger ‘Hidden Asthma’: Asthma and Kids
When your kid says that he experiences wheezing in his chest, his chest is aching while breathing or he was playing with his favourite pet and caught infection, these symptoms straightaway indicate the onset of asthma. Treating and preventing asthma in kids is very important because if left untreated, asthma may periodically become more severe and parents may perceive that their child is cured which infact is not. In kids, if it is not treated, it may complicate things and cause hidden asthma which means asthma re-emerging with the passage of time. Expert says that remission of symptoms may occur during adolescence, but there is no cure for asthma, and the condition will likely reappear in adulthood, if neglected in childhood. The symptoms may be vanish during childhood years but may emerge with the contact of unexpected triggers such as a cold, allergy, chemical irritant, or air pollution.
It is usual for the parents to skip the medication
Steroids are life-saving drugs as they prevent the dissemination of the infection to other parts and hence reduce the inflammation of airways. Parents occasionally drop or skip the medicine that comes with steroids because they are scared and wary of the side effects of steroids in their kids. They think that steroid component in maintenance drugs have a disastrous effect on their child’s development, however it is the most effective drug in treatment of asthma. Growth suppression issue should not be a reason to avoid steroids. Steroids can be devastating only if swallowed without the doctor’s consultation. When inhaled, it has a direct effect on the target organs. But, there are the cases that are very severe requiring immediate hospitalisation where the doctor has no choice than to put kid on oral corticosteroids which is relatively stronger than inhaled corticosteroids. However, few precautions could be taken with the steroids intake such as gargling your mouth after using inhalers and rinsing and cleaning the asthma inhaler.
Skipping medicines is not advisable and may cause unknown symptoms which may aggravate the present status of disease. Asthma is a disease which sometime turns life threatening with improper medication. You should always take them as prescribed every day. If you feel any discomfort with the medicine, talk in detail with the doctor but don’t dump your medicines.
Also Read: Pet Allergens and Asthma
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