Muscle cramps

Sometimes you get a cramp during a regular workout session, but it can also affect you when your body part has remained frozen in one position for a long time. Fortunately, there are muscle cramps treatment that helps to relieve pain.

Whether you call them cramps, spasms, or just a pain puts a restriction on you from continuing with your daily workout. They usually strike without warning and are likely to affect your calf muscles, quads, hamstrings, abs, and arms. There are plenty of things that care the culprits, and these include dehydration, not stretching enough, having poor blood circulation, or just fatiguing your core muscles. Spasms can occur up to six hours after exercising, or in the middle of the night.

If you are a runner by profession or an athlete, you have probably been stopped while running on a track by a spasm in your calf, or a tremor that constricts your hamstring. Muscle cramps are common in runners, cyclists, swimmers, and lifters alike. Cramps are not well understood, but researchers and scientists revealed that cramps are involuntary painful muscle contraction that occurs suddenly from changes in motor neuron excitability or random discharges of motor nerves.

What to do when you get a Cramp?

Cramps usually occur during or after an intense workout, and it can also hit at an end or during endurance events because fatigued muscles are more likely to contract painfully. Athletes are more likely to get cramps as they fatigue more in comparison with other people who usually exercise. By taking the necessary precautions, you will be able to avoid necessary cramps. In addition, carefully plan your carbohydrate intake, electrolytes, and fluids to prevent muscle spasms. Read on to discover some tips to combat the causes of cramps, alleviating pain when they strike and keeping them from occurring again and again.

  1. Warm-up is necessary- Always warm up by stretching your muscles. This will optimize your exercise performance and reduce your chances of straining muscles. Stretching is a way to prime major muscle groups, improving the blood flow to the areas to prepare your body for a high level of an intense workout.
  1. Hydration is the key- Stay well hydrated during the day before and after you work out. When you are dehydrating, your body loses fluids and electrolytes like sodium and potassium. This disrupts the electrolyte balance in your body, which in turn increases the excitability of your nerves and cause your muscles to spasm. You can also switch to electrolyte-carb beverage especially during long workouts when you are more likely to get fatigued. There are numerous benefits of preventing dehydration; however, studies have produced mixed results; some find no association while others reveal that drinking enough water can prevent or delay muscle cramps. Hence, consuming adequate fluid during exercise will improve performance. Hydration is the best treatment for muscle cramps.

Also Read: 6 Tips to Avoid Muscle Cramps

  1. Balance carbohydrates- A reduction in carbohydrate will also contribute to muscle cramps. Carbohydrates are considered as the primary fuel used during physical activities. The vital element stored in the form of glycogen in our muscles to provide the energy for strenuous physical activity. Once your body has been exhausted of the stored glycogen, you will be more likely to get a muscle cramp. When there is not enough fuel in our body, and still, we continue to run, lift cycling, or doing any other strenuous physical activity, muscle relaxation is impaired, and the cramps occur. It is believed that within 60 to 90 minutes of a workout session, depletion of glycogen stores happens. Therefore, it is a wise decision to consume a beverage during a workout that lasts longer than 60 to 90 minutes. Make sure you eat a carbohydrate-rich meal or a snack before an intense workout. A muscle cramp is an uncontrollable and painful contraction of muscles. The causes of cramps are still not known, but certain risk factors may include dehydration, not getting enough carb, and muscle fatigue. One can quickly reduce the severity of a cramp by gently stretching the muscles. Following these tips is well worth it to prevent a muscle cramp.
muscle cramps

Muscle cramps are painful contractions that strike without warning. Don’t let the cramp interfere with your everyday routine and discover what would help you prevent them.

A muscle spasm always feels like a surprise, and it can happen at any time of a day, causing a sudden or throbbing pain that can seem unbearable. If you are tired of experiencing throbbing muscle pains or cramping that cause you to refrain from your daily tasks, it’s the time to make some change to your diet, fluid intake, exercise routine, and body posture. Search online to get the best anti-cramp medicines.

What are muscle Cramps?

What exactly the muscle cramps are? They are painful involuntary contractions of one or more of your muscles. During a neck, back or leg spasm, your muscles tighten even when you try to move them and remain the same way for a period because they are unable to relax. They can occur in any muscle although muscle spasms are more likely to occur in the feet, lower back, and legs. Muscle spasm can last from a couple of seconds to a couple of minutes.

Have a look the 6 tips through with you can avoid muscle cramps.

  1. Stretch if you can

When muscles strike during exercise, it can interfere with your workout plans. Cramps usually hit after a hard day of exercise especially getting them late at night is always an unwelcome experience. You might have noticed that athletes are more likely to have cramps because their fatigued muscles are likely to cramp. When its suddenly strike, stop exercising and gently try to stretch it to your tolerance. This can help to relax the muscle and relieve the uncontrolled contraction. Additionally, there are a few things that one can do at home to prevent as wells to alleviating the symptoms of muscle spasm.

  1. Drinking enough water

Some studies show that consuming fluids and electrolytes will prevent or delay muscle cramps. The benefits of avoiding dehydration are numerous, so even if it not 100% guarantee that you won’t get a cramp, consuming enough fluids during exercise and staying hydrated through the entire workout will still improve performance. Dehydration can cause muscle cramps, when we become dehydrated the fluids outside the cells decrease which in turn cause nerve endings to be overexcited and spontaneously discharged. This spontaneous discharge if often led to a muscle cramp. By providing adequate fluids to our body, we can prevent dramatic shifts that give rise to abnormal muscle contraction.

Also Read: Why We Have Foot Cramps at Night?

 

  1. Intake of Sodium

Fluids are not enough when it comes to maintaining your body’s fluid balance. Electrolytes such as sodium play a crucial role in controlling the shifts of fluids in and out of the cells. Sodium is found in table salt, and we lose this sodium in sweat along with other electrolytes. When we sweat, we tend to lose both water and sodium. Replacement of water without sodium can dangerously drop the sodium levels in the bloodstream, which is often known as hyponatremia. You may be experiencing hyponatremia if you are sweating a lot and losing a lot of sodium. This is most likely to occur during the session of a strenuous exercise or with repeated sweating throughout the day. To prevent hyponatremia, drink high sodium sports drinks as these can delay cramps in those who cramps often.

  1. Heat or ice packs can be the tricks

A heat pack can be beneficial if dealing with muscle pain and cramping. Applying heat pack where you frequently get spasms relaxes muscles. You can do the same using ice packs applied to painful muscles several times a day.

  1. Benefits of Epsom Salt

Epsom salt contains the right amount of magnesium that reach tense muscles when you add it in a warm bath. The magnesium-rich salt prevents magnesium deficiency, ease stress, soothe tensed muscles and detoxify the body. When mixed with warm water, relax muscles and ease tightness in your back or neck.

  1. Keep an eye on posture

Exercising with bad posture or being hunched for many hours a day can put you at high risk of muscle pain including muscle spasms in the neck or back. Being slouched over can weaken your neck over time. This is the long run contribute to increased inflammation in your upper back and shoulder blades.