Strep throat is a common throat bacterial infection caused by a group A streptococcus bacterium. It causes inflammation and pain in the throat that can affect children and adults of all ages. But it is especially affecting children between the ages of 5 and 15. Coughing, sneezing, sharing food/utensils, and other types of close contact with someone with strep throat and other direct contacts with someone with a strep throat infection can spread from one individual to another. The condition is highly contagious; it usually spreads through small respiratory droplets that become airborne when some with strep throat cough or sneezes.
How is strep treated? As strep throat is a bacterial infection, a doctor usually prescribes an antibiotic to treat the bacterial infection. Antibiotics inhibit the spread of bacteria and infections.
Treatment For Strep Throat
How to treat strep throat? Strep throat can be treated, but it isn’t handled the same way as sore throats caused by cold and other viruses, so your doctor will likely perform a rapid strep test to ensure it’s strep. If the test came out to be positive, your doctor would probably recommend an antibiotic to destroy the bacteria causing it. One must rest to help get better faster. Sometimes, over the counter medicines and home remedies ease symptoms. You can buy antibiotics online to treat strep throat.
This class of drugs can kill the group A streptococcus bacteria that cause strep throat. They will only work by killing the bacteria. Antibiotics do not work by infections caused by viruses.
What does an Antibiotic do? Antibiotics works in the following ways:
- Antibiotics provide relief from sore throat and other symptoms when they are caused by strep
- Antibiotics improve your child’s condition
- The use of antibiotics makes it less likely to spread to others
- Antibiotics help prevent associated complications such as sinus and tonsil infections and more serious rheumatic fever.
The most prescribed treatment for strep throat is Penicillin and Amoxicillin. They are considered the first-line treatment because they are effective, safe, inexpensive. Those who are allergic to penicillin may be able to take other antibiotics, including:
- cephalosporins such as cefuroxime, cephalexin, and cefixime
Your child usually takes antibiotics orally 1 to 3 times daily. Sometimes doctors prescribe these medicines in the form of injections.
Side effects of Antibiotics
Antibiotics sometimes cause side effects such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomachache, and appetite loss. Most of these side effects are usually mild and resolve on their own once your child finishes the medicine. If they persist or become troublesome, speak to your doctor. Some people get allergic to antibiotics, and symptoms of an allergic reaction include dizziness, rash, wheezing, fast heartbeat, and trouble breathing. Speak to your doctor if your child develops any of these symptoms straight away.
How long to take antibiotics?
Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to treat strep throat for about ten days. Children prescribed these antibacterial drugs usually start feeling better two days after starting treatment. Once they have been given an antibiotic for about 24 hours, they are no longer contagious, and they can return to their school and sports class. Even after kids begin to feel better, they should finish the treatment. There are chances some bacteria may be alive if you discontinue treatment too soon. If the infectious throat is left untreated, it might lead to complications such as:
- kidney problems
- Sinus and tonsil infections
- Rheumatic fever can affect your heart, brain, and joints
Early discontinuation may cause strep to become resistant to the medication. This means another case of throat infection would be much harder to control. So, it is best to consult a doctor before discontinuing the medicine.
Home care for Strep Throat
Until the prescription antibiotics begin to work, these at-home treatments for strep throat can help your child feel better.
Over the counter (OTC) medicines: Patients may take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to get rid of the fever associated with the sore throat. Do not give aspirin to children and teens as it can be rare, but a serious health complication called Reye’s syndrome.
Gargling: Rinse your throat with a mixture of a quarter teaspoon of salt and some water to relieve sore throat.
Rest: Let your child stay at home until they get rid of strep throat. Your child needs extra rest to help the body fight against bacterial infection.
Drink plenty of fluids: Drink lots of fluids, especially if you have a fever. Warm liquids such as tea or soup soothe your itchy throat as well as keep you hydrated. If you are comfortable with something cold on your throat, suck on ice chips. Avoid drinking lemonade, orange juice, or other acidic drinks, which can burn your throat.
Stay away from anything that might bother your throat, like paint fumes, cigarette smoke, or cleaning products.
For treatment of strep throat, many people turn to antibiotics to ease the pain and fever associated with the condition. You or your child must complete the full course of treatment even if they think the symptoms are gone. Furthermore, regardless of the cause, certain at-home treatments for strep throat can help you ease your or your child’s symptoms.